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Toyota 3L Hilux Motor Specs

by Tim McQuade

The 3L diesel engine was manufactured by Toyota from 1991 through 1997. The engine was used in Toyota vehicles such as the Hilux. The Hilux is a medium-sized pickup truck and was mainly sold outside of North America. The similar Toyota 4x4 was sold in North America until 1995, when it was replaced by the Toyota Tacoma.

Engine Specifications and Design

The 3L diesel engine is a four-cylinder diesel engine. The engine displacement is 2,779 cubic centimeters. Although the engine had a total displacement of 2.8 liters, the engine model name is the 3L. The bore by stroke of the engine is 3.78 by 3.78 inches, or 96 mm by 96 mm. The compression ratio is 22.2 to 1. The cooling system features a liquid-cooled design, while the engine design sports a single overhead camshaft. The engine is not turbocharged and it is not intended for an LEV (low emissions vehicle). The fuel system uses a Bosch jet pump distribution design. The engine also sports a variable-valve timing system.

Engine Performance

The maximum power output of the engine is 91 horsepower at 4,000 rpm, while maximum torque is 139 foot-pounds at 2,400 rpm. The engine consumes 1.5 gallons of gasoline in 60 miles. Diesel engines traditionally get better gas mileage compared to gasoline engines, so it is no surprise the 3L Hilux can get approximately 40 miles per gallons. The gear ratio is as follows: first gear is 3.928, second gear is 2.33, third gear is 1.45, 4th gear is, fifth gear is .851 and reverse is 4.743.

Hilux Information

The Hilux 3L is a four-wheel-drive pickup truck that features a five-speed manual transmission. Total weight of the vehicle is 3,800 pounds. The single cab has seating for two with two doors, while the extended cab version features four doors and has seating for five. Total diesel fuel capacity is 17 gallons. Minimum turning radius is 6.4 meters. Toyota updated the 4x4 North American version by doing away with a diesel engine in 1986 and introducing independent front suspension. Comparatively, the Hilux kept its solid front axle, offered limited slip and continued to have an optional diesel engine in other world markets. In the 1990s and 2000s, the Tacoma and Hilux continued to look very similar.

About the Author

Tim McQuade began writing in 1999. He has worked for two newspapers, including "The Ithaca Times," and has had a short story published. McQuade received a Bachelor of Arts in writing from Ithaca College.

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  • Nicolas Agustin Cabrera/Demand Media