Specifications for a Pickup Truckby Rob Wagner
Specifications for pickup trucks depend on the size of the truck. There are three primary types of pickup trucks: the compact, mid-size and full-size truck. All domestic and foreign truckmakers produce regular, extended and four-door crew cab pickups. Some manufacturers do not offer the crew cab in compact models.
Foreign- and North American-built compact pickups feature wheelbases under 115 inches with overall lengths ranging from about 189 to 192 inches. Mid-size trucks are considerably larger with 131-inch wheelbases depending on the cab configurations. Regular cab mid-size trucks exceed 200 inches in length. Full-size regular cab models can actually start with a shorter wheelbase than mid-size models, sitting on wheelbases ranging from 126 to 140 inches and measuring up to 248 inches in length depending on the cab size.
Under the Hood
Compact trucks' standard engines are in-line four-cylinders. Detroit brands feature 2.4 and 2.9 liters, while Japanese imports are in the middle with 2.7-liter base engines. Options on some compact brands include a 3-liter V6. Some North American compacts are equipped with optional 3.7-liter in-line fives or 5.3-liter V8s. Mid-size pickups feature base V6 engines displacing about 3.7 liters with optional V8s available. Full-size truck base engines made in the U.S. generally feature 4.6- and 4.8-liter and larger displacement V8s.
Domestic and imported trucks, regardless of size, feature rigid beam rear suspension with leaf springs and independent front wishbone suspension.
- photo_camera pickup truck image by Tonda from Fotolia.com