Oil Specifications for Vehiclesby Contributing Writer
Compact Vehicles gain popularity when gas prices start rising. Vehicles offers a full compliment of compact cars ranging from basic compacts to sporty models such as the Vehicles. Vehicles kept the overall dimensions of each engine the same making routine maintenance on the Vehicles easy.
Under The Hood:
- Oil Specifications for a Chevy HHR
- Oil Specifications of a Dodge Ram Cummins
- Oil Specifications for an AMC 304
- The Oil Specifications for a 1987 Jeep Wrangler
- Oil Specifications for a Ford 8N
- Oil Specifications for a 2003 Honda CRF 150F
- Oil Specifications for a Polaris Sportsman 500cc
- Oil Specifications for an F150 4.6 V8 Engine
Oil Weights and Amounts
All engine types for the Chevrolet HHR for model years 2006 through 2010 use five quarts of SAE 5w30 oil. Chevrolet recommends a synthetic motor oil for use in the vehicle. With higher mileage engines, you want to use a high-mileage oil or an oil additive to recondition and maintain your engine seals.
Torque and Filter
You torque the engine oil drain plug upon installation to 18 ft-lb of torque. In the absence of a torque wrench, hand-tighten the bolt and then use a socket wrench to turn the bolt three-quarters of a turn further. Chevrolet requires a WIX 57082 oil filter or other manufacturer's equivalent. Excessive driving or high-mileage engines need an extended life oil filter or a high-mileage oil filter.
When changing the oil, check your other fluid levels. Refill any fluids as necessary. The HHR calls for AF6 transmission fluid, DOT-3 brake fluid, and uses generic power steering fluid. Also check your air filter at every oil change. Replace as desired or when you notice excessive dirt or damage on the filter with a WIX 49064 air filter.
Purchase15W- 40 oil, which is suitable for most driving conditions. Ensure the oil has a dual rating of CF4/SH. 15W-40 oil can be found at your local auto parts store. If you choose to have a professional change your oil, they may have that brand in stock. If you reside in an environment that has a consistent temperature below 10°F, then use 10 W- 30 oil instead. Make sure it has an SF5/SG rating or better. For colder climates you can choose to purchase synthetic or synthetic blends, but know that once you switch to a synthetic oil you cannot go back to a conventional natural oil for your Dodge.
Depending on the year of your Dodge Cummins, it might be a slight difference in oil capacity. You can purchase more oil if you are short on the amount necessary for your Dodge. The 98-2000 Dodge Cummings requires an oil pan capacity of 2.5 gallons, which is 10 quarts or 9.46 L. Older model Dodge Cummins have 11-quart oil pan capacities. The 10-quart and 11-quart oil capacities also include an extra liter for your oil filter.
Oil Change Intervals
Dodge Cummins trucks that were manufactured between 1989 and 1998 with 12-valve engines should have the oil changed every 6,000 miles if driving under normal conditions, and changed every 3,000 miles if driving under heavy conditions. For vehicles 1998 and newer with 24-valve engines, the oil should be changed every 7,500 miles under normal driving conditions and every 3,750 miles under heavy, rigorous conditions.
The 304 small-block V-8 was introduced in 1971 to replace a 290-cubic inch model of the same engine. It was first used to power the Jeep J-Series and Wagoneers; in 1972 it was offered with the Jeep CJ. The engine performed so well, in fact, that CJ frames were modified in 1973 to prevent cracks. The engine was also optional in the AMC Gremlin, Hornet and Javelin.
The 304 had a cylinder bore of 3.75 inches and a stroke of 3.44 inches. The 1971 version was the most powerful with 210 gross horsepower at 4,400 rpm. The 1972-1978 version had 150 ghp at 4,200 rpm; the 1979 version, 130 ghp at 4,200 rpm; and the 1980-1981 version, 125 ghp at 3,200 rpm. All versions had the same compression ratio, which was 8.4:1, and the same oil pressure, which was 50 pounds per square inch (psi) at 2,000 rpm. Fuel delivery was by a two-barrel carburetor.
The crankcase oil capacity for the 304 V-8 was five quarts. The recommended oil weight was 10w30. The torque specifications for the oil pan were 5-8 psi with 1/4-inch bolts and 10-12 psi with 5/16-inch bolts. The torque specification for the drain plug was 25 foot-pounds. The oil-change interval was 3,000 to 5,000 miles or every three to five months.
Different Types of Oil
When the 304 first came out, the only type of oil available was non-synthetic. Scientists have now created synthetic oil, which lasts longer than non-synthetic oil and does a better job of protecting your engine. If you have been using non-synthetic oil in your 304 and wish to upgrade to synthetic, that is perfectly all right.
Oil Weight and Amounts
The 4.2L engine calls for five quarts --- without a filter change, six with a filter change --- of a SAE 5w40 oil. The 2.5L uses 4.1 quarts without a filter and five quarts with a filter change of the same weight oil. Higher mileage engines benefit from high-mileage or synthetic oils. Oil additives geared at conditioning the seals also help the older engines.
Torque and Filter
Both variations of the engine use a WIX 51626 Oil Filter and the drain plugs torque to 30 ft-lb of torque. This equates to hand-tightening the drain plug and then one full rotation with a socket wrench.
Always check the other fluids and air filter when changing the oil and refill or replace as necessary. The 4.2L uses a WIX 42054 air filter and the 2.5L calls for a WIX 42170 air filter. Both vehicles use GL-5 transmission fluid, DOT-3 brake fluid, and standard power steering fluid.
According to the Ford N-series tractor manual, use of 10-weight motor oil for temperatures between minus 10 and plus 10 degrees Fahrenheit, 20-weight motor oil for all temperatures between 10 and 90 degrees and straight 30-weight motor oil when the temperature is above 90 degrees.
When 8Ns were built, multi-grade, high-detergent oil did not exist, and they were designed to allow dirt to accumulate in the bottom of the sump. Modern multi-grade oils are engineered to keep dirt in suspension and make oil changes easier. Once the sump is flushed and cleaned to remove built-up dirt, the process no longer needs to be repeated with any regularity when using a 10-30 multi-grade oil.
For its 8N, Ford specified mild EP gear conforming to Ford specs M4864A (SAE 80) for temperatures below freezing and M4864B (SAE 90) for temperatures above freezing. This conforms to modern-day API gear oil designation of GL3.
Types of engine oil
The CRF 150F engine takes SAE 10W40 motorcycle oil. Specifically, the company recommends using its own Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 four-stroke oil or an equivalent.
Look for an oil that conforms to the MA class JASO T 903 standard. The JASO T 903 standard is an index to help you choose a quality oil. It's easy to spot by the prominent "MA" on the label.
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or castor-based racing oils. Do not use oils that are labeled "energy conserving" with the API rating.
Synthetic oils are acceptable.
Engine oil capacity
The 2003 model of the 150F takes 1.1 quarts of oil if you are changing oil. If you are breaking down the bike, you'll need 1.3 quarts.
Frequency of oil changes
Change the oil if your bike has been in storage for four months or longer. You should also change oil after every 20 to 30 hours of running time.
To keep the drive chain lubricated, use Pro Honda Chain Lube or an equivalent, or SAE 80 or 90 gear oil.
Use Pro Honda Foam Filter Oil or an equivalent for the air cleaner.
Polaris recommends Premium 4 Synthetic 0W40 as an engine oil, as it has been specifically engineered to work with Polaris four cycle engines. This is a synthetic, multi-viscosity oil with decent film strength over a wide temperature range from minus-40 to 120 degrees Fahrenheit. If this oil is not available, any API certified SH 0W-40 oil may be used. Polaris cautions against mixing oil brands, as this may result in "serious engine damage." Oil levels should be maintained between the two raised marks found on the dipstick. The 2010 Sportsman 500 has an oil tank capacity of 2.0 quarts or 1.9 liters.
Polaris AGL Synthetic Gearcase Lube is recommended as the transmission oil. Owners should ensure that transmission reaches to the fill hole threads at all times. Additionally, engine oil may be used as a general lubricant on any of the quad's moving parts.
Polaris recommends that driver's check engine oil levels prior to each ride. Owners should also perform a break-in oil change every six months, at which time the oil filter should be changed. Additionally, transmission oil should be inspected every month, 25 hours of riding, or 250 miles, whichever comes first. It should also be changed yearly regardless of riding time. General lubrication should be performed on all fittings, pivots, cables and other moving parts at least every three months, 50 hours or 500 miles.
The 2010 Ford F-150, with a V-8 4.6-liter engine can hold up to 6.1 quarts of oil. Amsoil recommends using 0W-20 motor oil for maximum performance and 5W-20 oil for general performance. The oil filter should be changed every 25,000 miles. When changing the oil, the drain plug requires 17 pound-feet of torque.
The 2005 Ford F-150 with a V-8 4.6-liter engine, could hold up to 6.1 quarts of oil. Amsoil recommended 0W-20 motor oil for maximum performance, or 5W-20 for general performance. The fuel filter should be replaced every 25,000 miles. When changing the oil, 10 pound-feet of torque were required to open the drain plug.
The 2000 F-150 with a 4.6-liter V-8 engine had a capacity of 6.1 quarts of oil. The filter needed to be changed every 25,000 miles. Amsoil recommended 0W-20 motor oil for maximum performance and 5W-20 for normal performance. When changing the oil, 10 pound-feet of torque were required to remove the drain plug.