How to Improve the Fuel Efficiency of the Ford F150 5.4L

by Ziggy Thomas

The Ford F-150 pickup truck offers an optional 5.4 liter engine. While this engine increases the truck's power, fuel efficiency is rated at an estimated 14 mpg during city driving and 20 mpg on the highway for the 2010 model. Improving the fuel efficiency of a Ford F-150 is similar to improving the fuel efficiency of most other vehicles. Fuel efficiency can be improved by taking simple steps such as changing your driving habits and properly maintaining the vehicle.

Avoid driving aggressively. Speeding, rapid acceleration and rapid braking all reduce gas mileage. Driving more efficiently and avoiding aggressive driving can increase fuel economy by 33 percent at highway speeds and 5 percent at city speeds, according to FuelEconomy.gov. For most vehicles, including the Ford F-150, gas mileage is also reduced when driving at speeds greater than 60 mph.

Remove extra weight. Every extra 100 pounds in a vehicle reduces gas mileage by a maximum of two percent. Keep the Cheyenne's truck bed empty when possible.

Refrain from idling. Idling consumes gasoline while achieving nothing. If you are stuck in line or waiting outside a store, turn off the engine.

Use overdrive and cruise control when possible. Overdrive will reduce the engine speed and wear. Cruise control will maintain a constant speed and reduce accelerating and decelerating.

Keep the air conditioning off, especially at low speeds. Air conditioning increases fuel consumption and puts more strain on the engine. At high speeds, drag from open windows can also increase fuel consumption.

Inflate your tires to the levels specified by Ford. Resistance is increased with under-inflated tires, and fuel efficiency decreases.

Maintain your vehicle. Old spark plugs, oil, and filters or faulty fuel ratios and spark all decrease fuel efficiency. Making sure components such as the oxygen sensor are working properly can improve fuel economy by up to 40 percent. Using the correct grade of motor oil can also increase fuel efficiency by one to two percent.

Make improvements to your truck such as a installing more efficient exhaust or air intake components.

Run errands on the same outing rather than split them up. Starting your engine "cold" for every trip can use double the amount of fuel.

Car pool to reduce wear on your vehicle and fuel consumption.

Drive with the windows up and avoid piling up luggage. Increased wind resistance lowers fuel efficiency.

Add a hard top cover to the bed of the truck. A cover will boost fuel efficiency by improving the F-150's aerodynamics.

About the Author

Ziggy Thomas started writing professionally in 2010, specializing in fitness, business and technology, among other topics of interest. He works as a financial analyst in Austin. Thomas holds dual Bachelor of Science degrees in finance and economics from the University of Nevada, Reno.

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