How to Choose the Oil and Fluids for Cars

by Contributing Writer; Updated June 12, 2017

The name Chrysler car represents three entirely different Chrysler car vehicles: a coupe, a sedan and a convertible. These steps are specific to all model years of the Chrysler car sedan, but you can apply them to most Chrysler car passenger vehicles.

Under The Hood:

 How to Choose the Oil and Fluids for a Kia Spectra

Use SAE 10W-30 engine oil in your Kia Spectra's engine, unless you intend to operate it in temperatures below 0 degrees Fahrenheit before your next oil change. If that's the case, you may find 5W-30 to be more appropriate, aiding with cold starting.

Purchase only API Service GL-4 fluid, or SAE 75W-90, for your manual transmission. The automatic transmission takes SK ATF SP-III or Diamond ATF SP-III.

Replenish your power steering fluid as necessary with PSF-III.

Put SAEJ1703 or FMVSS116 DOT-3 or DOT-4 brake fluid in your hydraulic braking and/or clutch system.

Keep your windshield clean with any windshield washing fluid that contains an antifreeze component for cold weather application. If you're positive that temperatures won't drop to freezing, you could even use plain water, although most washer fluids have solvents that do a better job of cleaning.

 How to Choose the Oil and Fluids for a Mercury Villager

Use High Performance DOT 3 motor vehicle brake fluid. To avoid damage to or failure of your braking systems, leading to injury or death, using only recommended brake fluids.

Keep Motorcraft MERCON ATF on hand for a variety of uses, including power steering fluid and automatic transmission fluid.

Change your engine oil regularly, using Motorcraft SAE 5W30 super premium motor oil. You may use 10W30 in a pinch, but only if temperatures aren't expected to fall below 0 degrees Fahrenheit before your next oil change.

Mix premium engine coolant at a 50 percent ratio with distilled or clean, drinkable water. In extreme cold temperatures, you may use up to 70 percent coolant in the mixture, but running pure coolant in your Mercury Villager isn't recommended under any circumstances.

 How to Choose the Oil and Fluids for a Nissan Pathfinder

Gear Oil and Coolant

Your Pathfinder needs semi-synthetic SAE 75W-90 hypoid oil in the differential and SAE 80W-90 in the transfer case -- both rated API GL-5. Nissan would prefer you use their oil, but any premium-grade API GL-5-rated oil works. The cooling system came filled with blue Nissan long-life coolant, but you can top it off with the green LLC. However, mixing the different color coolants reduces the life expectancy of the coolant to four years.

Power Steering and Brakes

Starting in 2013, Nissan recommends using only genuine Nissan power steering fluid; using any other fluid will prevent the system from operating properly. In prior years, however, Nissan offered Dexron-VI ATF fluid as an alternate power steering fluid. For the brakes, use DOT3 brake fluid.

 How to Choose the Oil and Fluids for a Honda CR-V

Other Fluids

Honda recommends DOT-3 brake fluid. You can use DOT-4 fluid if you can't find DOT-3, but don't substitute DOT-5 fluid. In your cooling system, use Honda Long Life Antifreeze/Coolant Type 2, though you can use a high-quality, major brand, non-silicate coolant formulated for aluminum engines. For your windshield washer fluid, Honda doesn't have a recommendation for what you should use, but specifies what you shouldn't use. Don't use engine antifreeze, as that will damage your CR-V's paint, and don't use a vinegar and water solution. The vinegar will damage your washer pump.

 How to Choose the Oil and Fluids for a Mitsubishi 3000GT

Use only Mitsubishi Genuine Car Care Parts Diamond automatic transmission fluid in your Mitsubishi 3000GT automatic transmission. The manual transmission requires 75W90 or 75W85 manual transmission fluid

Top off your power steering fluid reservoir as necessary with either Mitsubishi Genuine Car Care Parts power steering fluid or, in a pinch, almost any generic power steering fluid should do. Avoid the temptation to use transmission fluid unless otherwise recommended by your mechanic or Mitsubishi dealer.

Mix one part ethylene glycol antifreeze to one part clean, drinkable water--preferably distilled--and keep your radiator and coolant overflow reservoir filled to specified levels.

Refill your brake fluid reservoir as necessary with a DOT 3 brake fluid. Using other grades of brake fluid may present risks of damage to or failure of your vehicle's braking systems.

Change your Mitsubishi 3000GT's engine oil regularly, using an API certified 5W30 viscosity engine oil unless you expect to operate your vehicle in extremely high temperatures or it has especially high mileage.

Items you will need

  • Mitsubishi Genuine Car Care Products automatic transmission fluid

  • 75W90 or 75W85 manual transmission fluid

  • Power steering fluid

  • Ethylene glycol antifreeze

  • Distilled water

  • DOT 3 brake fluid

  • 5W30 or 10W30 engine oil

 How to Choose the Oil and Fluids for a Chrysler Sebring

Use 5W-30 viscosity oil in your Chrysler Sebring, if possible. If you can't find 5W-30, 10W-30 is acceptable if temperatures won't fall below 0 degrees Fahrenheit. Regardless of the viscosity, the oil must be API certified GF-3 engine oil, and meet Daimler Chrysler's Material Standard MS-6395. The owner's manual recommends Mopar.

Buy windshield washer fluid with a windshield antifreeze (not radiator antifreeze) component rated not to freeze at -25 degrees Fahrenheit. Take care when handling this fluid because, even though it appears innocuous, most commercially available windshield washer solvents are flammable, and might ignite and burn you.

Maintain your engine's antifreeze protection by using a solution of 50 percent ethylene glycol antifreeze coolant in distilled water. Mopar antifreeze/coolant with Hybrid Organic Additive Technology is the preferred solution. If temperatures might fall below -32 degrees Fahrenheit, you may use up to 60 percent antifreeze coolant in the solution.

Keep your brakes working right with Mopar DOT-3 motor vehicle brake fluid. If you substitute an equivalent DOT-3 fluid, it must meet the DOT FMVSS specification.

Refill your automatic or manual transmission alike with Mopar ATF+4 automatic transmission fluid. You can use the same fluid in your power steering reservoir.

Lubricate your steering gear and linkage, ball joints, prop shafts and yokes, and wheel bearings with Mopar multi-purpose lubricant, NLGI grade 2.

About the Author

This article was written by the It Still Runs team, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more about It Still Runs, contact us.