How to Remove the Rear Bumper on Vehiclesby Contributing Writer; Updated June 12, 2017
Removing the rear bumper on a Vehicles can be quite a chore. These bumpers are known to rust and the bolts are not zinc-chromated. Bolts will rust and will not come loose in many cases. When considering replacing the bumper, it is a good idea to soak all the bolts in rust penetrate and test all the bolts to ensure they will come loose. If not, it is necessary to cut them off with a torch or cutoff saw. It is not easy to estimate how many bolts and what type needs replacing until the project is underway.
Under The Hood:
- How to Remove the Rear Bumper on a Ford
- How to Remove a Rear Bumper for a 2002 Toyota Camry
- How to Remove the Rear Bumper on a Dodge Ram
- How to Remove the Rear Bumper on a 2001 Chevy Silverado
Place your keys in the spare tire key lock to the right of the license plate and turn them to release the lock from the bumper. Then crawl underneath the bumper and unplug the lighting for the license plates.
Use a pair of pliers to push in the small tabs that hold the black plastic bumper cap on top of the bumper. These tabs can be delicate so take your time so that you don't damage the tabs in the process. Once they're all free, pull off the bumper using your hands to reveal the bolts.
Unbolt the bumper from the bumper brackets using the 1/2-inch ratchet and Torx head sockets, leaving the two on the far ends loose but still connected. Then crawl underneath the bumper and remove the bolts on the bottom using a 1/2-inch ratchet and socket.
Have your assistant hold the bumper on one side while you both thread out the remaining top bolts using your hands. Then pull the bumper off together and place it to the side.
Items you will need
1/2-inch ratchet and socket set
Torx head socket set
Engage your emergency brake, and jack up your Camry's rear end. Place jack stands under your rear frame, and set the vehicle down on them. Place wheel blocks around the front wheels. Make sure your vehicle is firm and secure before attempting to crawl underneath it.
Get beneath your Camry's rear end, and locate the rivets that hold the wheel liner in place. Remove these rivets with a slotted screwdriver.
Pop the liner up and off after you have completed removing all the fastening rivets. Slide the liner out to your assistant.
Allow your assistant to get a grip on the bumper as you locate the bolts that secure your Camry's bumper to the frame. Break, loosen and remove all the bumper retaining bolts.
Help your assistant pull the bumper off, and set it gently on the ground.
Items you will need
Crawl under the rear of the truck and locate the bumper-mounting bolts that hold the rear bumper to the truck body. There should be 4.
Use the socket wrench to remove the 4 mounting bolts and have your helper hold the bumper in place. Disconnect the license plate light's wiring harness from the back of the bumper.
Pull the bumper up and away from the truck body until it comes loose. Discard or sell the old bumper and mount a new one in its stead.
Items you will need
Look at the bumper from the bottom side to familiarize yourself with the location of all the parts. The bumper has a main support above the tow bar to which the whole bumper attaches. On both sides of the bumper attached to the bumper and support plate is an attachment plate with a support bar. All of these must come off when removing the bumper. Look at the point where the bumper attaches to the frame. There are three bolts --- two bolts one above the other and one forward. Removes these plus the two large bolts in the lower center of the bumper inserted upwards from the bottom that run into the tow bar.
Disconnect the license plate harness connector. Remove the two large bolts in the lower center of the bumper using a socket. Remove the three bolts securing the bumper to the frame. Lower the bumper to the ground.
Remove the rubber pads on the top of the bumper by squeezing the tabs under the bumper where the pads have clips that pass through holes in the top of the bumper. Lift up on the pad, while simultaneously squeezing the tabs. The new bumper will not likely come with anything but the chrome steel part. Everything else sells separately so transferring the parts is the least expensive. It is easier to transfer parts immediately to the new bumper to keep their placement fresh in your mind.
Tap the lip on each license plate light socket and push them through the hole in the bumper. Remove the plastic guide for the spare tie handle by tapping it with the screwdriver and hammer.
Remove all the bolts in the bumper support brackets and the side support bracket except where it attaches to the lower bumper support plate. Leave them on the plate to make them easier to transfer.
Remove the bolts securing the bumper to the lower support bracket. Transfer the lower support bracket complete with bumper support and side support brackets to the new bumper. Loosely tighten the bolts.
Install the bumper by inserting the three bolts in each support bracket through the frame and loosely tighten them for now. Hold the bumper in position where it is equally distant on both sides from the body and level. This may involve help from someone else. This can also be done by tightening the three support bracket to frame bolts just enough to hold the bumper in place but allow movement. When the bumper is straight and level, tighten all the frame bolts.
Insert the two large bolts through the lower center of the bumper and into the tow bar and tighten them firmly. Tighten all the bolts in the support brackets.
Install the rubber pads by aligning the tabs with the holes in the bumper top and press the tabs down until they snap in place. Connect the license plate light harness connector.
Items you will need
Set of sockets
Set of wrenches
Can of rust penetrant