How to Install a Power Steering Pump in Vehicles

by Contributing Writer; Updated June 12, 2017

The power steering pump on your Vehicles allows you to turn the Vehicles easily. Without the power steering pump, in fact, nothing would be there to help you steer. If you have a leak on your power steering pump, this is not only a problem; it is a serious fire hazard. You can buy a new power steering pump Vehicles a super center, auto parts store or online. Installation is fairly straightforward once you have removed the old pump.

Under The Hood:

 How to Install a Power Steering Pump in a Miata

Remove the adjusting bolt on the power steering pump bracket and push the power steering pump in toward the engine to loosen tension on the accessory drive belt. Lift the accessory drive belt off the pulleys.

Unplug and remove the pressure switch connector. Place a drain pan under the power steering pump. Remove the pipe and return hose with a line wrench. Remove the hose bracket using the appropriate sockets.

Unbolt and remove the power steering pump and bracket. Use an appropriate socket to unbolt the bracket from the power steering pump.

Install the bracket on the new power steering pump. Bolt the bracket and pump assembly onto the engine. Use line wrenches to reinstall the pipe and return hose. Reinstall the pressure switch connector and plug it in.

Route the drive belt around the pulleys. Pull the power steering pump away from the engine to tension the belt. Reinstall and tighten the adjusting bolt. The belt has the appropriate tension if you can twist it 90 degrees.

Fill the reservoir with power steering fluid. Turn the steering wheel all the way to the left and right several times. Add fluid as needed. Turn the steering wheel all the way to the left and right several more times. Add more fluid, if needed. Repeat until the fluid level stabilizes.

Start the engine and allow the vehicle to idle. Turn the steering wheel all the way to the left and right several times until the fluid is not foamy and the fluid level stops dropping. Refill the fluid as needed.

Items you will need

  • Set of wrenches

  • Set of sockets

  • Drain pan

  • Set of line wrenches

 How to Install a Power Steering Pump on a Mustang

Position the power steering pump behind the pump's bracket so that the pump rests against the back of the bracket.

Install the pump's bolts through the front of the pump's bracket and into the pump. Do not tighten these bolts yet.

Slide the power steering belt over the pump's pulley.

Pull the power steering pump away from the engine to tighten the belt. Then tighten the pump's bolts with a wrench while keeping tension on the belt.

Connect the pressure hose to the back of the pump. There are two hoses which attach to the back of the pump. The pressure hose is the larger of the two hoses, and has a nut on the end of the hose. To connect the pressure hose, slide the nut on the end of the hose onto the threaded outlet on the back of the pump, then tighten the nut on the end of the hose with a wrench.

Slide a small hose clamp over the fluid return hose. The fluid return hose is the smaller of the two hoses which attach to the rear of the pump.

Slide the fluid return hose over the nipple located at the back of the pump just under the pressure hose.

Slide the hose clamp to the end of the fluid return hose where the hose meets the pump, then tighten the clamp with a flathead screwdriver.

Withdraw the pump's dipstick and pour power steering fluid into the pump's dipstick tube. The dipstick tube is located at the back of the pump. Once fluid has been added to the pump, insert the dipstick into the dipstick tube.

Start the Mustang's engine, then turn the steering wheel to the extreme right, then to the extreme left several time.

Turn the engine off.

Withdraw the dipstick tube to check the fluid level. The fluid level should be between the "Add" and "Full" marks located at the tip of the dipstick.

Add additional fluid if necessary.

Items you will need

  • Wrench Small hose clamp Flathead screwdriver

 How to Install a Power Steering Pump on a Nissan Maxima 2003

Loosen the negative battery cable from the terminal with a wrench or socket wrench.

Open the hood on your Maxima. Look at the left side of the valve cover for the drive belt tensioner bolt. Turn the tensioner bolt counterclockwise with a socket wrench so that the drive belt can be removed. Replace the drive belt if it is frayed or shows other signs of wear.

Drain the power steering fluid reservoir by using a large syringe or siphon. Slide a drain pan underneath the Maxima to catch any power steering fluid that drips down while you replace the power steering pump and remove the hoses.

Place a floor jack underneath the middle/front of the engine. Pump the handle to raise the front end of the vehicle, positioning jack stands underneath the reinforced frame sections at the driver and passenger side doors. Lower your 2003 Maxima onto the jack stands. Unscrew the lug nuts on the right front wheel with a tire iron. Remove the wheel.

Crawl underneath right wheel hub and remove the pressure line-to-pump banjo bolt with a socket wrench. The banjo bolt has a small hose running from the power steering fluid reservoir to the power steering pump. Use a wrench to unscrew the banjo fitting bolt from the power steering hose, being careful not to drip power steering fluid out of the hose. Pry off the copper sealing washers with a screwdriver. Loosen the clamp on the return hose and disconnect the hose. Remove the pivot bolt that is located to the left of the clamp and return hose assembly. This process is linear, moving from the right to the left (starting with the banjo fitting bolt, the clamp and return hose, and the pivot bolt). Plug each hose with a piece of cork or use a hose clamp in order to prevent any fluids from draining onto the ground. Wrap smaller hoses in a plastic bag and secure them with a rubber band.

Disengage the right tie-rod end from the steering knuckle arm so you can swing the tie-rod out of the way. Use a socket wrench to loosen the jam nut. Use a small piece of tape and a pen to mark the position of the tie-rod end in relation to the threads. Pull out and remove the cotter pin with a pair of pliers. Use a socket wrench to rotate and loosen (but not remove) the nut on the tie-rod end ball stud. Gently pull the tie-rod end from the steering rod on your Maxima.

Unscrew the power steering pump's mounting bolts and slide the pump through the opening in the inner wheel hub.

Insert the new power steering pump into your 2003 Maxima. Install new copper sealing washers and use a torque wrench to tighten the pressure line banjo bolt to 51 foot-pounds. Reassemble the lines going to and from the power steering pump (reverse of Step 5). Reinstall all of the other parts, such as the tie-rod and drive belt. Use a torque wrench to tighten the tie-rod end to the steering knuckle nut between 22 and 29 foot-pounds.

Top off the power steering fluid on your 2003 Nissan Maxima and reinstall the tire. Reconnect the negative battery cable so that it is tight and snug on the battery terminal.

Bleed the power steering system on your 2003 Maxima by checking to make sure that the power steering fluid reservoir is filled to the cold mark on the reservoir. Turn the ignition to the “on” position. Repeatedly turn the wheels to the left and then to the right, hitting the extreme left and right positions. This process will bleed out any air that has entered the power steering system so that it works consistently. Continue to check the level of the power steering fluid while the engine is hot as well as before, during and after the next few times you drive the vehicle.

Items you will need

  • 1/2-ton floor jack

  • Jack stands

  • Tire iron

  • Socket wrench with adapters

  • Torque wrench

  • Work gloves

  • Large syringe

  • Drain pan

  • Cork

  • Plastic bag

  • Rubber band

  • Power steering fluid

 How to Install a Power Steering Pump on a Ford Focus

Open the hood of the Ford Focus. Locate the power steering pump on the driver's side of the engine compartment connected to the firewall.

Place the large cup under the pump. Use a wrench to loosen the nuts in plain view on the pump that are holding the pump fluid lines in place. Pull the lines out of the pump, and drain the pump into the cup.

Remove the nuts that are holding the pump onto the firewall, using the wrench. Remove the belt on the pump from the pulley. Pull the old pump from the engine housing.

Secure the new pump onto the firewall with the securing nut. Replace the belt to the pulley on the pump. Replace the lines to the correct holes on the pump. Tighten the nuts on the firewall and pump lines. Fill the pump to the "Full" line on the pump, using power steering fluid.

Items you will need

  • Large cup

  • Wrench

  • New pump

  • Power steering fluid

 How to Install the Power Steering Pump in the 2003 Nissan Frontier

Place the power steering pump within its mounting bracket on the engine block. Connect its three mounting bolts with a torque wrench. Tighten the front bolts to 144-180 inch-pounds, and the rear bolt to 16-22 foot-pounds.

Connect the pressure line to the pump, tightening its banjo bolt to 37-50 foot-pounds. Connect the return hose clamp, tightening its hose clamp with a screwdriver.

Install the drivebelt along the pulleys for the power steering pump, the water pump and the crankshaft. Look for a routing diagram near the radiator for the correct path. Tighten the bolt on the fourth pulley -- the idler pulley -- to adjust the belt tension.

Fill the power steering reservoir with Dexron III automatic transmission fluid to the "Cold" mark, which is either on the fill neck or the dipstick.

Start the engine and let it run at a fast idle with the wheels facing forward. Turn the steering wheel to each side without hitting the stops on either side to bleed the air out of the system.

Leave the engine running for several more minutes with the wheels facing forward before shutting off the engine.

Inspect the fluid level and see that it is at the "Hot" mark while the engine remains at normal operating temperature. Add fluid if needed.

Items you will need

  • Torque wrench

  • Screwdriver

  • Drivebelt

  • Automatic transmission fluid

 How to Install a Power Steering Pump in a Dodge Stratus

To Remove

Remove as much power steering fluid as you can the steering pump reservoir using a hand siphon pump, then disconnect the black negative battery cable from the left strut tower-driver side. Replace the insulator grommet from the ground cable on the strut tower to prevent an accidental ground.

Loosen the wheel lugs from the tire on the passenger side of your Stratus. Raise the right side of the vehicle using a floor jack; safely support it on a jack stand and remove the tire. Remove the splash shield by pulling on the plastic clips or unscrewing the bolts with a wrench or ratchet and socket.

Place a drain pan underneath the vehicle in the direction of the steering pump. Disconnect the pressure hose at the steering pump and remove the hose connection using a wrench or tube wrench to avoid damage to the line and nut. Discard the O-ring from the connector and then disconnect the inlet hose by removing the hose clamp.

Unscrew the power steering adjusting and rear bolts. Also, remove the heat shield covering the Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) control unit, if equipped. Use a wrench or ratchet and socket.

Disconnect the speed sensor bracket from the right inner fender and remove the sealing grommet on the fender, then disconnect the sensor connector and push the sensor wiring through the grommet mounting hole. If your model does not come with ABS, this hole has a rubber plug.

Remove the front bracket bolt that secures the pump to the mounting bracket. Use a ratchet and socket with an extension to remove the bolt through the hole for the speed sensor wiring. Remove the drive belt from the power steering pulley and lift the steering pump and bracket from the engine compartment.

To Install

Install the pump bracket on the new unit if necessary and set the new steering pump in place. Install the power steering adjusting bolt, pump top bolt and the bolt attaching the pump bracket to its mounting bracket on the engine. Do not tighten the bolts yet. Install the inlet hose and outlet pressure hose using a new O-ring on the hose connector of the pressure hose.

Install the drive belt on the steering pump pulley. Adjust the belt tension by swiveling the pump and tightening the adjusting and mounting bolts. Tighten the bolts to 40-foot lbs(54Nm.)

Install the wheel speed sensor, ABS heat shield and wheel assembly. Lower the vehicle and connect the black negative battery cable.

Refill the power steering reservoir with power steering fluid and bleed the power steering system. Turn on the engine and fully turn the steering wheel to the left and right. Add steering fluid to the reservoir as needed and a little at a time, until the reservoir maintains the fluid level.

Items you will need

  • Hand siphon pump

  • Lug wrench

  • Floor jack and jack stand

  • Ratchet and socket set

  • Drain pan

  • Wrench set

  • New pressure hose connector O-ring

  • Power steering fluid

About the Author

This article was written by the It Still Runs team, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more about It Still Runs, contact us.