Types of Oil for Vehiclesby Contributing Writer
Vehicles is a luxury car maker known Vehicles producing automobiles that combine style and excellent design with technology and performance. If you own a Vehicles providing regular maintenance is key Vehicles optimum the performance. Getting regular oil changes is a fundamental step in keeping your Vehicles performing Vehicles a high level, but you must know the proper oil to use. You need to know the correct oil weight, as well as the proper grade.
Under The Hood:
- Types of Oil for a Suzuki LT500 Engine
- The Types of Oil for a Mazda 3
- Types of Oil for Mini Cooper S
- Types of Oil for a Mercedes Benz
- Types of Oil for a TREMEC TKO
- The Types of Oil for a 2001 Ford Ranger
- What Type of Oil for Yanmar Tractors?
- What Type of Oil Goes in a 1971 Super Beetle?
- What Type of Oil Goes in a Chrysler 300M?
- What Type of Oil Goes in a 2006 Chrysler 300 2.7 DOHC V6 Engine?
The Suzuki LT500 engine uses an oil premix; Suzuki recommends using Yamalube 2M or Yamalube 2R two-cycle engine oil. The engine oil lubricates the combustion engine, acts as a cleanser and prevents rusting inside the engine.
Yamalube 2 Motor Oil
The Yamalube 2 stroke motor oil is synthetic engine oil used for two-stroke petrol engines. The oil has a somewhat green color and a mild petroleum odor. It incorporates petroleum, distillates, refined heavy paraffins and hydrocarbon distillates. This oil has a special blend of base oil, detergents, dispersants and elements that improve its viscosity. Its special additives help maintain flow and also prevent gelling in colder weather whilst also improving lubrication in colder conditions. This oil causes little emission of smoke; it reduces the amount of smoke emitted by about 50 percent. It also reduces carbon buildup, thereby enhancing engine life and performance.
This oil, premixed with gas in the LT500's engine, helps protect the catalytic converter. It also has chemicals that help protect the engine against rust. Premixing will require a 32-to-1 gas-to-oil ratio for best performance; this ratio helps improve the lubrication of the lower end bearings, rod bearings and cylinder wall. The mixing ratio can vary from a range of 16 to 1 to as high as 100 to 1, however.
All variations of the Mazda 3 except for the turbo options call for SAE 5w20 engine oil. Mazda recommends using SAE 5w30 engine oil in the engines that come with turbo. Mazda recommends synthetic motor oils in all of their vehicles. You can also use a high-mileage or extended use engine oil for the older models or cars that are used for distance driving.
Mazda does not prohibit the use of additives in the engine oil. Several options include cleaners and oil boosters. Any additive that offers to recondition the seals of the engine will help to prolong the life of the engine. Additives tend to thicken motor oil, which may cause your engine to be sluggish when starting in cold weather.
Always check the other fluids when changing the oil. Mazda recommends synthetic multi-vehicle automatic transmission fluid for the automatic transmissions. Use SAE 75w90 manual transmission and transaxle gear oil for manual transmissions. Power steering fluid in the Mazda 3 calls for multi-vehicle ATF. Brakes and clutch use standard DOT-3 oil.
According to the Mini Cooper S owner's manual, all maintenance work for a Mini Cooper, including oil changes, should be performed at a Mini Cooper dealership. The dealership knows exactly what oil is right for you car. If a dealership is not available in your specific area, find an Mini-Cooper certified automotive repair shop to complete your oil changes.
Mini Cooper S Oil Types
Mini High Performance Synthetic 5W-30 oil is the oil the Mini Cooper dealership uses when it does oil changes on Mini Coopers. Use this oil to top off engine oil if the level is down. It is important to remember to check your oil level regularly. The manufacturer recommends checking oil level every time you fuel up your vehicle.
Other Oils You May Use
If Mini High Performance Synthetic 5W-30 oil is not available, the manufacturer recommends using one of the following oils: Castrol Syntec European Formula Ultra SAE 5W-30, Mobil 1 SAE OW-40, Pennzoil Platinum European Formula Ultra SAE 5W-30, or Valvoline SynPower SAE 5W-30. All of these oils meet Mini's long-life ratings and are safe for use in Mini Coopers in the United States with gasoline engines.
Only use oils that are synthetic oils with an American Petroleum Institute rating of SM or higher. API ratings indicate that the oil meets the original equipment manufacturer's performance and quality standards recommended for its use. Look for the service rating in the API "Service Symbol Donut" on the product label.
Oils whose weight, or viscosity, is good for low temperatures have a "W" after their number, while oils used in high temperatures don't. Some oils are good for both and are referred to as multi-viscosity, all-weather or all-temperature oils. It is these oils that are listed for use in most Mercedes-Benz vehicles. Multi-viscosity oil of 5W-40 weight is recommended for most models, though 0W-30, 0W-40, 10W-40 and 5W-30 are also used in certain cars.
This type of motor oil is usually indicated only for narrow temperature ranges, either at high temperatures or low temperatures. It can be used on only a few current Mercedes-Benz models, such as the diesel engines in model series 300, 400, 500 and 900. The OM 457 and 460 models might also use single-grade engine oil, but the company recommends single-grade for any of its vehicles only "in exceptional cases."
This type of motor oil gets better performance at a wider range of temperatures. It is recommended for use on the majority of Mercedes-Benz vehicles. A long list of oil brands are approved by the company, from JB German oil to brands with that Americans are more familiar, such as Castrol, Mobil and Pennzoil.
GM Synchromesh Oil
TREMEC Transmissions recommends only three types of oil or fluid for the TREMAC TKO transmission, one of which is GM Synchromesh, specifically part number 12345349 and the TR-35505sp model.
Dexron III Oil
Another recommended oil for TREMAC TKO transmissions is the Dexron III or Dexron III/Mercon Spec ATF fluid. Dexron III ATF is also used for the T56 and 3650 models.
The final transmission oil, recommended specifically for the Viper T56 TREMAC TKO model, is Castrol Sytorque. Discuss the model and/or conversions you have for your TREMAC TKO transmission with a mechanic to determine the proper oil to use. When you service your transmission properly and regularly, the high-quality, overdrive performance of your TREMAC TKO will remain in good shape.
Fill Location and Level
Remember that you should always fill your TREMAC TKO transmission with oil through the fill plug on the passenger side of the transmission. When the oil approaches the fill plughole, sufficient oil has been added. TREMEC Transmissions mentions 5.28 pints as an approximate amount of oil for these transmissions to contain.
Oil Weight and Amounts
All of the engines use SAE 5w30 engine oil except the 2.3 L, which uses SAE 5w20. The 2.3 L is full at 4.1 qts. of oil. The 2.5 L and 3.0 L fill up at 4.6 qts., and the 4.0 L fills at 5 qts. All capacities include adding a new filter. Older model engines benefit from a high-mileage or synthetic oil in addition to oil additives formulated for repairing and reconditioning engine oil seals.
Filter and Torque
The 4.0 L calls for a WIX 51515 oil filter, while the other sizes use a WIX 51516 Oil Filter. Extended-performance or high-mileage filters help to keep the oil clean for older engines or heavily-used vehicles. Engine oil drain plugs on all the vehicles torque at between 15 and 25 foot-pounds. Always check the condition of the drain plug and gasket before reinstalling. Replace the part if you notice any signs of wear-and-tear or damage.
Ford calls for synthetic multi-vehicle automatic transmission fluid in all manual and automatic transmissions. The transfer case for vehicles equipped with four-wheel drive use the same ATF as the transmissions. Rear and front differentials call for SAE 80w90 gear oil. Use standard power steering fluid in the power steering reservoir and DOT-3 brake fluid in the brake and clutch reservoirs.
Make sure to get the appropriate oil category for the diesel engine that is in the Yanmar tractor. If you have a four-stroke, high-speed, lower-emission diesel engine, use an oil with a CG rating. Off-road and heavy-duty diesel engines use the CF category of oil. If you have a heavy-duty diesel engine that also has a turbocharger, use a CE category of oil. Look on the oil container for the appropriate rating and make sure the oil is designed for diesel engines.
A Yanmar tractor can take a few different oil viscosity; 5W-30, 10W-40 and 15W-40 are the most commonly used viscosity for this kind of diesel engine. The first number indicates the viscosity of the oil when the engine is cold. The “W” stands for winter and the second number indicates the viscosity of the oil in a hot engine. If you choose an oil with a lower first number, you will have better protection when you are starting the engine in colder weather. You can also ask the sales representative for more clarification if you are unsure which is best for you and your area.
When to Change the Oil
It is vital that you check and change your oil frequently. If you have low or no oil pressure, you can lock up your engine and ruin it completely. Check the oil before each use just to make sure you are safe. Change the oil and filter after every 100 hours of use.
Oil Change Procedure
You must follow the proper oil change procedure to get the most out of your new oil and filter. Place an oil drain pan below the oil pan. Remove the oil drain plug on the side of the oil pan and allow the oil to drain completely before replacing the plug. Remove the oil filter and gasket. Clean the area with a washrag. Make a seal with oil around the filter area and position a new filter and gasket in place. Tighten until snug. Add oil in small increments and check on the dip stick until it is at the appropriate level. Start the engine and allow the oil to circulate for a few minutes. Recheck the oil level and add as needed. If the oil pressure light comes on and stays on, turn the engine off to add fluid and start it up again. Check for leaks below and around the tractor before taking it out for use.
Engine Oil -- VW's Advice
VW was very proud of its engine's anywhere-anytime reputation, and its popularity all over the world. Beetles were designed to be run through the snow on sawdust and moose urine; maybe that's why the VW owner's manual said of oil changes: "The VW engine makes no demands in respect of engine oil quality, which cannot be fulfilled by every well known and popular brand." That's very diplomatic of VW, but real-world, decades-long experience with these engines show that they definitely have preferences in terms of engine oil. Also not mentioned by VW is the fact that these engines, which lack an oil filter, require changes every 3,000 miles religiously.
From negative 4 degrees Fahrenheit to 77 degrees, a 10W-30 or 10W-40 will suffice. If you never drop below 0 degrees, you can use a 15W-40 or 15W-50, and 20W-40 or 20W-50 will suffice if temps don't drop below 14 degrees Fahrenheit. These air-cooled engines tend to run hot, so don't use anything thinner than a -40 multigrade. You can use an old single viscosity oil like an SAE 20, 30, 40 or 50, but it'll only narrow the oil's operational range.
The fact that the air-cooled engine lacks an oil filter really affects your engine oil choice. First, you'll need to use a "high detergent" oil that will keep sludge and soot suspended in the oil, and keep it from sticking to the inside of the engine. Some people prefer a heavy-duty diesel truck oil like Rotella T because it has very aggressive detergent packages that will keep the engine clean and happy, but a standard high-detergent automotive oil will suffice. If you're switching from standard to high-detergent oil, mix it half-and-half on the first oil change; you don't want all the sludge dissolving and breaking loose on one oil change. Don't bother with a synthetic. You have to change the oil every 3,000 miles to get rid of dissolved sludge, so the synthetic's ability to run 6,000 miles or more is wasted.
Unlike its LH-platform siblings the Concorde, LHS and Dodge Intrepid, the 300M came with only the 3.5-liter version of Chrysler's overhead-cam V-6 engine. While it was related to the 2.7-liter offered in those other LH cars, the 3.5-liter wasn't known to have had the design flaw that made early 2.7-liter engines such notorious oil-sludge machines. Full-synthetic oil is a kind of unofficial requirement for 2.7-liter engines, as cheap oil tends to cook solid, turn into sludge and clog the engine's oil galleries. The 3.5-liter doesn't have that problem -- or so they say.
While the 3.5-liter is undoubtedly a better engine, it's interesting to note that many auto parts retailers recommend not just the standard, Chrysler-spec 5W-30 oil, but a very specific formulation of synthetic-blend oil with additives designed to prevent sludge buildup. AutoZone in particular recommends the store-brand 5W-30 GF-4/SM Motor Oil, with Castrol GTX (which also contains specific anti-sludge additives) and a number of other synthetic blends being the name-brand buyer preferences. That's an interesting indicator that, in this case, 6 quarts of prevention might be worth a thousand pounds of cure.
All engines utilize internal passages called galleries to ferry oil around the engine. The 2.7-liter engine's oil passages are a little too small and too close to certain hot spots in the engine. This causes oil to cook inside the galleries and turn into sludge in the engine.
Oil sludge by itself can cause any engine's oil passages to clog up and fail, but the 2.7-liter has a pair of complicating factors. The small oil passages will clog far easier than most other engines, but --perhaps more importantly -- the engine's oil pressure sensor is located in one of the few very large galleries that will maintain pressure even as the rest of the engine runs dry. This means that you'll receive no warning whatsoever if your engine loses oil pressure due to sludge.
Before changing the oil, run an oil-flushing solvent through the engine to dissolve built-up sludge. Drive for fifty miles, drain the oil, then replace it with cheap 10W oil and more solvent. Drain and repeat this procedure till the oil comes out fairly clear and free of sludge. Replace your engine oil with a 5W-30 weight, full-synthetic oil.