Toyota Oil Change Intervalsby Jody L. Campbell
Oil changes are an important maintenance procedure to ensure the longevity of any car engine, including the engine of a Toyota. A debate has ensued in the automotive maintenance world, on how often to change oil. Motor oil today is better than it was a decade ago, which has prompted many automakers to increase the intervals from 3,000 miles to 7,500 miles between changes. However, Toyota Motor Corp. has actually decreased the recommended intervals between oil changes, to ensure smooth running.
Oil Change Intervals
In 2004, Toyota Motor Corp. actually reduced its recommended oil change service interval from 7,500 miles to 5,000 miles. This was largely due to the fact that too many car owners were pushing the envelope when it came to their vehicle's maintenance. Even though higher quality oils with more detergent and better viscosity were available, Toyota endured a sludge problem on a few of their vehicles between 1997-2002, which they felt was due to the 7,500-mile interval. The national recommendation prior to the availability of higher quality oils was 3,000 miles. Toyota realized that the customers who pushed the limitations of the oil change intervals were allowing more sludge to build up in their motors. By decreasing the interval, they believe they relieved the problem.
Properties and Purpose of Oil
A combustion engine needs lubrication which the oil supplies. However, motor oil serves a dual purpose. It helps to prevent engine sludge by allowing contaminant particles to float on the surface which helps prevent sludge from settling into the internal engine. Once the oil enters the engine, it begins to work immediately, but it also begins to break down its chemical properties--losing both its viscosity and effectiveness--allowing more contaminants to build up. The contaminants begin to accumulate and the end result is more engine sludge. Even premium grade synthetic oils begin to break down, although they last marginally longer then regular premium oils.
The Comfort Zone of the Maintenance Schedule
Finding peace in the conundrum of variant information when it comes to oil change intervals on your Toyota is basically a personal preference. To answer the question of when to change the oil in the Toyota is a matter of what's comfortable for the owner, as long as they do not exceed the 5,000 miles -- putting the engine at risk for sludge buildup. What is meant by "comfortable," is your budget, your time and other mileage interval services due on the Toyota that you may want to include in the oil change service -- for example, getting the tires rotated or the air filter changed.
The decision on when to change the oil should also consider how the Toyota is being used. High mileage under extreme weather conditions would benefit from applying the 3,000-mile intervals, while shorter commutes necessitate 5,000-mile intervals.