How to Check Power Steering Fluid in Vehicles

by Contributing Writer; Updated June 12, 2017

The power steering fluid in your Vehicles is the lifeblood of the power steering system and allows you to steer the car easily. But if your steering has become very hard, there could be a leak. To make sure, check the power steering fluid as soon as possible to see if there is any missing. If so, you must get the leak fixed Vehicles an automotive repair facility. Remember to keep a bottle of power steering fluid in your car Vehicles all times in case you need it in an emergency.

Under The Hood:

 How to Check Power Steering Fluid in a Toyota Corolla

Ensure that the vehicle is either at operating temperature or cold. To reach operating temperature, you need to drive the car for approximately 20 minutes at highway speed. To check the fluid when cold, the vehicle needs to have been parked for approximately 5 hours. Checking the fluid under other conditions will give you an inaccurate reading.

Open the hood and locate the power steering fluid reservoir. It is a cylindrical, clear plastic tank, with a round cap marked "Power Steering." The reservoir's location will vary slightly depending on what year model Corolla you have, but is generally located on the driver's side, near the firewall.

Clean the outside of the reservoir, using a clean rag, so you can see the fluid level. If necessary, moisten the rag with water. Check that the level reaches the indicated marks for either "Hot" or "Cold," depending on the car's temperature. If the fluid doesn't reach the indicated marks, you need to add fluid.

Turn the cap counterclockwise to open it. Add enough fluid to raise it to the proper level. Check the vehicle's owner's manual for the proper type of fluid to use. Replace the cap.

Items you will need

  • Clean rags

 How to Check the Power Steering Fluid on a Jeep Grand Cherokee

Open the hood of your Jeep Grand Cherokee. Locate the power steering pump and reservoir on the front driver's side of the engine.

Wipe the cap and area around it with a clean rag or paper towel. This will keep dirt out of the system, when you open the cap, as well as keeping some of the dirt and grease off your hands.

Remove the cover from the power steering reservoir by turning it counterclockwise. Lift straight up on the cover to lift the cover and dip stick out of the reservoir.

Note the fluid level on the dip stick. There are several marks indicating "Add" as well as a mark for "Full." If the level is at or below the "Add" mark, you will need to add a small amount of fluid to the system.

Replace the cap onto the reservoir and turn it clockwise to tighten it. Close the hood of the Jeep, making sure it is latched securely.

Items you will need

  • Clean rag

 How to Check the Power Steering Fluid in a Chevrolet Equinox

Turn the engine off and wait five minutes to allow the engine compartment to cool off.

Open the hood and remove the engine oil fill cap. Grasp both sides of the plastic engine cover and pull it off. Replace the engine oil fill cap.

Remove the cap from the power steering fluid reservoir at the rear part of the engine compartment on the passenger's side. Wipe the dipstick with a clean shop rag.

Reinsert the power steering fluid dipstick. Tighten it completely then remove it again to inspect the fluid level. The level indicator should be about halfway between the "MIN" and "MAX" lines.

Add power steering fluid in small increments if necessary. After each increment, inspect the dipstick indicator lever. Continue until the proper amount is indicated.

Tighten the power steering cap. Remove the engine oil fill cap to replace the engine cover (push it down firmly to reattach it) then replace the fill cap.

Items you will need

  • Shop rag

  • Dexron VI automatic transmission fluid

 How to Check the Power Steering Fluid in a Chevy Silverado

Lift the hood of the Chevy Silverado. The hood release switch is located in the foot-well, just below the dashboard, in the driver's side of the cabin.

Start the engine. Allow the truck to idle for five minutes. Turn the steering wheel all the way to the right and then to the left.

Remove the power steering fluid cap, located on the right side of the engine, just behind the serpentine belt.

Clean the dip-stick attached to the lid with a towel. Replace the cap onto the power steering fluid reservoir.

Remove the cap and read the level on the dip-stick. Two lines will be marked on the dip-stick; the lower line is for a reading for when the engine is cold (meaning it has not been running for more than 20 minutes within the last four hours). The line closer to the cap lid is the "hot" line. The fluid line should be at or above the "hot/full" line on the dip-stick.

Fill the Silverado power steering fluid reservoir if the dip-stick shows that the fluid level is lower than the "hot/full" line. Close the hood.

Items you will need

  • Clean towel

  • GM power steering fluid

 How to Check the Power Steering Fluid in a Mercedes Benz

How to Check the Power Steering Fluid in a Mercedes Benz

Locate the power steering belt that runs from the central pulley to the power steering pump at the top of the engine on the driver's side of the Mercedes Benz.

Find the cap on the top of the power steering pump that reads "Power steering fluid".

Start the engine and warm it up. Let the engine idle for about 5 minutes and then shut it off.

Remove the power steering cap from the pump by turning the cap and lifting it straight up.

Find the plastic stem on the inside of the cap, and the words "hot" and "cold" on the stem.

Read the fluid level by looking to see where the fluid line is in respect to the hot line.

Determine if the fluid is low according to the reading, and add power steering fluid if necessary by pouring the fluid into the top of the spout until it is level with the hot mark.

Items you will need

  • Dry cloth

 How to Check the Power Steering Fluid in a Chevy Cobalt

Open the hood of the Cobalt.

Locate the power steering reservoir in the engine bay. It will be cylindrical in shape with a black cover, and it will say "Power Steering" on the cap. Look for it next to the windshield washer fluid.

Open the cap of the power steering reservoir, and check the level of fluid on the dipstick (the dipstick is attached to the cap). There will be two markings labeled "Min" and "Max" on the dipstick. If the fluid is at the "Min" point, add power steering fluid to the reservoir and have the vehicle checked out by a professional for leakage.

Place the cap back into the reservoir, and close the hood of the car.

Items you will need

  • Power steering fluid

 How to Check the Power Steering Fluid in a Honda Odyssey

Check the Fluid Level

Open the hood of your Honda Odyssey. Locate the power steering fluid reservoir on the right (or passenger's side) inner fender well.

Wipe any grease or dirt off the outside of the reservoir with a clean rag. Locate the two level marks, high and low, on the outside of the reservoir.

Check the fluid level in the reservoir by comparing the level to the marks on the reservoir. If the fluid is down to the low mark or below it, you need to add fluid to the reservoir.

Adding Fluid

Remove the cover from the reservoir and set it aside. Add fluid to the reservoir until the fluid level is in the middle between the two level marks.

Wipe any fluid that may have spilled when filling the reservoir with a clean rag. Power steering fluid can damage painted surfaces and should not be left sitting on any part of the car.

Replace the cover, making sure it snaps tightly onto the power steering reservoir.

Items you will need

  • Clean rag

  • Power steering fluid

About the Author

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