How to Change the Power Steering Pump on Ford Carsby Contributing Writer
Proper lubrication of an Ford car hydraulic steering linkage is vital to the functionality of the truck's power steering system. Over time, the seals and bearings within the truck's power steering pump corrode, resulting in power steering fluid leaks and premature wear due to the increase in temperature of the power steering components. Leaks can also pose a fire hazard if the fluid contacts the engine or the exhaust manifold when hot. Thankfully, replacement power steering pumps Ford car a Ford car are readily available at most automotive parts retailers, and the replacement process is relatively straightforward.
Under The Hood:
- How to Change the Power Steering Pump on a 1999 Ford F-250 Super Duty 7.3 Diesel
- How to Change the Power Steering Pump of a 2000 Windstar
- How to Change the Power Steering Pump in a Ford F150
- How to Replace the Power Steering Pump on a Taurus
- How do I Replace a Power Steering Pump on a 2002 Ford Explorer?
- How to Replace a Power Steering Pump on a Ford Focus
- How to Replace a Power Steering Pump on a Ford Explorer
- How to Replace a Power Steering Pump on a Ford Escape
Look at the drive belt on the front of the engine and draw a diagram with paper and pen of the belt’s routing for correct installation later.
Connect a half-inch-drive ratchet to the square hole on the pulley end of the belt tensioner pulley assembly. Rotate the tensioner clockwise, if the F-250 has air conditioning, or counterclockwise, if it does not have air conditioning, to relieve the tension on the drive belt. Pull the drive belt off the power steering pulley only.
Trace the air cleaner outlet hose toward the engine until you find where two smaller hoses connect to the outlet hose. Label the two hoses with masking tape and a permanent marker, and pull the hoses from the outlet hose.
Press and hold the unlocking button on the intake air temperature sensor wiring harness and pull the harness from the IAT sensor.
Loosen the hose clamp on each end of the air cleaner outlet hose with a Phillips screwdriver, and pull the hose from the air cleaner box and engine. Set the air cleaner outlet hose in a secure area.
Slide a drain pan under the truck, directly under the power steering pump to catch fluid as it drains. Remove the power steering pump pulley, using a power steering pump pulley removal tool. The exact process varies, depending on the type of remover used, so refer to the tool’s instructions for specifics. Never use a generic jawed puller to remove the pulley, as it can break or bend the pulley.
Squeeze the ears on the clamp on the end of the power steering return hose — the hose on top of the power steering pump — with slip-joint pliers. Slide the clamp up the return hose about 3 inches. Pull the return hose off the power steering pump and allow all of the fluid to drain from it into the drain pan.
Loosen the power steering pressure line — the metal line — with a line wrench and pull the pressure line from the pump.
Remove the three power steering pump retaining bolts with a ratchet and socket, and pull the power steering pump from its bracket just enough to access the lower most hose: the power steering-to-oil cooler return hose.
Squeeze the ears on the power steering-to-oil cooler return hose’s clamp with slip-joint pliers, and slide the clip up the hose about 3 inches. Pull the hose from the pump with a slight twisting motion. Remove the power steering pump from the engine compartment.
Press the power-steering-to-oil-cooler return hose onto the lower-most input on the power steering pump. Slide the hose clamp to the end of the hose with slip-joint pliers to secure it. Set the new power steering pump on the bracket and hand-thread its retaining bolts. Tighten the power steering pump retaining bolts to 60 foot-pounds with a torque wrench and socket.
Line up the power steering pump pulley with the power steering pump’s input shaft. Press the power steering pump pulley onto the shaft as far as possible. Hand-tighten the power steering pump pulley installer into the threaded end of the power steering pump’s input shaft. Hold the end of the installer steady with a combination wrench and turn the driver part of the installer counterclockwise with another combination wrench until the pulley seats fully on the power steering pump’s input shaft. Unscrew the power steering pump pulley installer from the power steering pump shaft.
Hand-thread the pressure hose into the threaded receptacle near the middle of the power steering pump. Tighten the pressure hose with a line wrench. Press the return hose onto the uppermost input on the power steering pump, and slide the hose clamp to the end of the hose with slip-joint pliers to secure the hose in place.
Look at the serpentine belt and check that it is still routed in the same way as in your diagram, as you may have disturbed it while removing the pump. Reroute the belt as needed using your diagram as a reference, but skipping the power steering pump.
Rotate the belt tensioner clockwise if the F-250 has air conditioning or counterclockwise if it does not, using a half-inch-drive ratchet. Route the drive belt over the power steering pulley and allow the belt tensioner to rotate back toward the belt until it engages the belt and holds tension on it. Remove the ratchet.
Unscrew the cap from the power steering pump, and add Mercon transmission fluid to the reservoir until the level reaches the crosshatched area on the reservoir dipstick. Tighten the cap onto the reservoir.
Install the air cleaner outlet hose onto the input on the engine and the outlet on the air filter box. Tighten the air outlet hose clamps with a Phillips screwdriver. Plug the two smaller hoses into the air filter outlet hose, using your labels as a reference. Pull the labels off the hoses. Plug the IAT sensor wiring harness into the IAT sensor.
Open the under-hood fuse block and remove the injector driver module relay — the third relay from the right rear of the fuse block — by pulling upward with a slight wiggling motion. This prevents the truck from starting while you circulate the power steering fluid.
Raise the front of the truck off the ground with a floor jack and slide jack stands under the frame rails. Lower the F-250 onto the jack stands.
Crank the engine for 10 to 15 seconds as you turn the wheel left to right, from stop-to-stop. Never crank the engine for longer than 15 seconds. Allow the vehicle to set for 1 minute. Repeat this step two times.
Raise the truck off the jack stands with a floor jack and remove the jack stands. Lower the F-250 to the ground.
Open the reservoir and refill the power steering pump reservoir with Mercon ATF until it reaches the crosshatched area on the dipstick. Tighten the dipstick into the reservoir.
Unscrew the cap from the auxiliary power steering pump reservoir — located on the driver’s side of the firewall — and add Mercon ATF until the fluid level is between the “Min” and “Max” lines.
Press the injector driver module relay back into its receptacle in the under-hood fuse block and close the fuse block’s lid.
Take the old fluid in the drain pan to a local used automotive fluid recycling center. Some auto parts stores take used fluids free of charge.
Items you will need
Power steering pump pulley removal tool
Line wrench set
Power steering pump pulley installer
Combination wrench set
2 quarts Mercon transmission fluid
Lift the vehicle’s hood and loosen the serpentine tensioner. Place a ratchet in the square opening in the tensioner and pull the tensioner away from the belt and remove just the belt from the power steering pump pulley. Place a drain pan under the power steering pump.
Look at the back of the pump. You will see two hoses, one held on with a hose clamp, which is the low-pressure return hose, and one threaded into the pump, which is the high-pressure hose. Remove the clamp that secures the low-pressure hose with a screwdriver. Allow it to drain into the drain pan. Remove the fitting on the high-pressure hose with a line wrench.
Place the power steering pulley removal tool on the nose of the pulley. Place the two clamps around the nose of the pulley and the tool, and place the retaining ring over the clamps so they do not come off the nose of the pulley. Hold the top of the remover tool shaft with a wrench to keep it from turning then turn the center of the tool counterclockwise with another wrench to remove the pulley.
Remove the three 13 mm bolts on the front of the pump and the one in the rear with a socket. Remove the pump from the bracket.
Install the new pump onto the mounting bracket with the three bolts in the front and the one in the rear, tightening them with the socket. Push the pulley onto the power steering pump shaft as far as possible. Thread the center stud into the nose of the power steering pump shaft with the pulley remover and installer tool. This time do not use the two clamps; the tool’s center body will push the pulley down onto the shaft.
Hold the top end of the pulley remover and installer tool with the wrench so it does not move. Turn the center of the tool clockwise with another wrench to push the pulley onto the shaft. Reinstall both power steering hoses onto the backside of the pump. Pull the belt tensioner away from the accessory belt with the wrench. Push the belt onto the power steering pump pulley and allow the tensioner to apply pressure to the belt.
Fill the power steering pump with fluid. Start the engine and turn the steering wheel all the way in both directions several times to evacuate the air in the system.
Items you will need
Set of wrenches
Power steering pump pulley remover and installer
Flat head screwdriver
Set of line wrenches
Set of sockets
Power steering fluid
Place a container underneath the power steering pump to capture the power steering fluid as it is drained from the pump. The F150's power steering pump is located on the driver's side of the engine. Remove both the input and output hoses from the back of the power steering pump. Both hoses attach to the pump with a nut, which is located at the end of each hose. Loosen both nuts with a wrench, then pull both hoses away from the pump and allow the fluid to drain into the container.
Loosen the pump's adjustment bolt with a wrench to allow the pump's belt to slacken, then lift the belt away from the pump's pulley. The adjustment bolt is located at the bottom of pump where the pump meets its mounting bracket.
Remove the pump's retaining bolts with a wrench, then lift the pump out of the engine compartment. The retaining bolts are located on the mounting bracket which secures the pump to the engine.
Place the replacement pump into position and install the pump's retaining bolts through the mounting bracket. Do not tighten these bolts yet.
Install the two hoses to the back of the pump and place the pump's belt over the pulley on the front of the pump.
Pull the pump away from the engine to tighten the tension on the belt, and then tighten each of the pump's retaining bolts.
Fill the power steering pump with power steering fluid to approximately 1/2" of the top, then start the engine and turn the steering wheel several times to the right and to the left to bleed the air out of the steering system. Turn the engine off, then check the pump's fluid level with the pump's dipstick. The fluid level should appear at or just under the "Full" mark on the pump's dipstick. Add additional fluid if necessary.
Items you will need
Power steering fluid
Remove the Old Power Steering Pump
Rotate the belt tensioner clockwise using a ratchet and socket. Then slide the drive belt off the power steering pulley. Let the tensioner pulley carefully return to the original position without snapping back to prevent damage to internal components.
Place a drain pan under the vehicle to catch power steering fluid after you remove the two hoses from the steering pump.
Detach the pressure hose from the steering pump by loosening the retaining nut with a flare wrench. Let the steering fluid drain into the drain pan.
Loosen or slide the clamp off the return line at the steering pump (depending on the type of clamp used on your particular Taurus model). Use a ratchet and socket or a pair of slip joint pliers. Then detach the return line from the pump with your hand and let the steering fluid drain into the drain pan.
Unplug the steering pump electrical connector, if your particular model is equipped with it.
Remove the power steering pulley from the pump using special tool 211-016 (T69L-10300-B). For more information, see the Resources section below. Make a note of the pulley distance from the steering pump body at the mounting shaft, so that you use the same amount of clearance when you mount the pulley on the new pump.
Unfasten the power steering pump mounting bolts using a ratchet, ratchet extension and socket and lift the pump off the engine compartment.
Install the New Power Steering Pump
Attach the pulley to the new power steering pump using special tool 211-009 (T65P-3A733-C). See the Resources section below.
Set the new steering pump in place and start the mounting bolts by hand using the ratchet extension if necessary. Then tighten the mounting bolts using the ratchet, ratchet extension and socket.
Attach the return hose to the power steering pump with your hand and tighten it with the ratchet and socket or slide the clamp using the slip joint pliers.
Install a new Teflon seal , if necessary, to the pump pressure hose using special tool 211-D027 (D90P-3517-A). See the Resources section below.
Install the pressure hose on the steering pump by starting the retaining nut with your hand and then tighten the nut using the flare wrench.
Plug in the steering pump electrical connector if your particular model is equipped with it.
Rotate the belt tensioner clockwise using the ratchet and socket and slide the drive belt over the steering pump pulley.
Refill the steering pump reservoir with new steering fluid and make sure the level is at the Full Cold mark.
Turn on the engine and then turn the steering wheel from left to right five times. Turn off the engine and check the steering fluid level. Add more if necessary.
Items you will need
Ratchet and socket
Slip joint pliers
Special tool 211-016 (T69L-10300-B)
Special tool 211-009 (T65P-3A733-C)
New Teflon seal, if necessary
Special tool 211-D027 (D90P-3517-A)
Fresh steering pump fluid
Removing the Old Pump
Locate the power steering pump on the driver's side of the engine compartment. Loosen the bolts and remove the engine drive belt.
Remove the bolts and the power steering pump pulley.
Loosen the clamp and disconnect the return hose from the power steering pump.
Drain the power steering fluid into a suitable 1-quart container.
Remove the bolt from the pressure line bracket and disconnect the pressure line from the engine.
Loosen the power steering pump bolts.
Disconnect the pressure line from the pump. Remove and discard the O-ring seal.
Remove the bolts and the power steering pump.
Installing the New Pump
Position the new power steering pump in the engine. Install and tighten the bolts.
Install a new O-ring seal on the pressure line, using the O-ring tool.
Reconnect the pressure line to the pump. Tighten the power steering pump bolts and reattach the pressure line to the engine. Reattach the pressure line bracket bolt.
Reattach the clamp and the return hose to the pump.
Reinstall the pulley and the engine drive belt and tighten the bolts.
Fill the power steering system with fluid.
Items you will need
1 qt. container
Power steering pump OEM part #1L2Z3A674EBRM
O-ring seal OEM part #388898S
Teflon seal replacer set 211-D227 (D90P-3417-A) or equivalent
Loosen the bolts that connect the power steering pump to the firewall with the ratchet set. Do not remove the bolts. Place the drain container under the power steering pump. Loosen the nut that is connecting the hose to the pump, pull the hose away from the pump, and let the pump drain into the drain container.
Loosen the nut in the center of the pulley with the pliers to loosen the belt. Pull the belt off of the pulley. Once the pump has completely drained, remove the bolts securing the pump to the fire wall.
Pull the power steering pump out of the engine compartment.
Place the new power steering pump into the same place and position as the old power steering pump. Secure the new power steering pump to the firewall with the securing bolts. Tighten the bolts with the ratchet set.
Place the power steering belt back around the pulley and tighten the pulley's nut with the pliers.
Reconnected the power steering hose to the bottom of the pump and tighten with the pliers.
Fill the power steering pump with fresh power steering fluid.
Items you will need
New power steering pump
New power steering fluid
Open the hood. Let the engine cool down if your Explorer has been driven recently. Remove the retaining nut from the power-steering pulley in a counterclockwise direction with a socket and ratchet. Place the nut aside.
Release the tension in the serpentine belt by inserting the drive end of a 1/2-inch ratchet wrench into the square hole in the belt tensioner, which is mounted near the top of the engine. Turn the ratchet counterclockwise until the belt loosens. Continue to hold the ratchet while sliding the serpentine belt off of the nearest pulley to you. (Usually the idler pulley at the top of the engine should be closest to the tensioner.) Release the ratchet handle slowly and remove it from the engine bay.
Slide the belt off the pulley on the power-steering pump on the lower driver’s-side of the engine. Place the jaws of a power-steering pulley puller around the small metal sleeve at the center of the pulley. Tighten the center bolt of the puller with an adjustable wrench in a clockwise direction until the pulley loosens from the pump. Remove the puller and pulley from the engine bay.
Remove the two power-steering lines from the pump by loosening the hose fittings at the pump with a tubing wrench turned in a counterclockwise direction. Push the lines aside.
Loosen and remove the three pump-retainer bolts that attach the pump to the mounting bracket with a socket and ratchet turned in a counterclockwise direction. Lower the pump from the underside of the bracket and remove it from the engine bay.
Install a new pump in the reverse order of steps 1 through 5. Remove the filler cap on the new pump. Fill the pump with power-steering fluid until it has reached the full mark on the cap’s dipstick. Start the truck and turn the steering wheel back and forth to expel any air from the system. Shut the motor off and check the power-steering level again. Top off the fluid if necessary and replace the cap. Close the hood.
Items you will need
1/2-inch-drive ratchet wrench
Power-steering pulley puller
Replacement power-steering pump
Open the engine compartment and disconnect the negative battery cable using a wrench to loosen the nut.
Rotate the belt tensioner in a clockwise manner with a wrench to loosen the belt and pull the belt away from the power steering pump.
Unplug the electrical connector from the pump by pulling it off.
Drain the power steering fluid from the power steering unit and prepare it for recycling. Do not use it in the system again.
Disconnect the power steering pressure line using a wrench to loosen it and pull it away from the unit.
Jack the car up using the automobile jack. Place a jack stand under the frame near the jacking point and raise it up to the frame.
Crawl under the car and remove the two lower bolts on the power steering unit with a socket and ratchet. Remove the jack stand and lower the car back to the ground.
Remove the power steering pump pressure line bracket using a wrench to remove the bolt.
Remove the low pressure power steering hose using a wrench to loosen it and pull it away from the unit. Remove the bolts from the power steering pump using a ratchet and socket. Pull the power steering pump away from the car.
Remove the pulley from the power steering pump using the pump pulley tool. Attach the pulley to the new power steering pump using the pump pulley tool.
Put the new power steering pump into place and tighten the upper bolts using the socket and ratchet. Connect the lower pressure power steering hose to the power steering unit. Reconnect the power steering pump high-pressure line bracket and tighten it with a wrench.
Raise the car up again with the automobile jack. Place a jack stand under the frame near the jacking point and raise it up to the frame of the car.
Install the lower power steering pump bolts and tighten with a ratchet and socket. Reconnect the power steering pump high-pressure line and tighten it with a wrench. Reconnect the electrical line to the unit by plugging it in. Remove the jack stand and lower the car back to the ground.
Reinstall the power steering belt and draw it up tight using a wrench to turn the belt tensioner counterclockwise. Reconnect the negative battery terminal and start the car to test the installation.
Items you will need
Metric wrench set
Metric socket set
Pump pulley tool