How to Calculate Paint for a Truckby Richard Rowe
Calculating the amount of paint you'll need to paint any car or truck is surprisingly easy, provided you have the right data. The only real trick is to not overthink things and remember that you'll always need more than you think. Square-footage is easy to calculate, but you'll need to bear in mind that actual paint coverage varies by paint color, substrate paint color, the amount of reducer you use and effects such as metal-flake and pearl.
Measuring and Calculating
Measure the side of your truck, including only the bumper-to-bumper length and height. Round up to the nearest foot. This might be 15 feet by 5 feet for passenger cars and 90 feet by 14 feet for a tractor trailer. Multiply those two measurements to get the square footage; in this example 75 sq-ft. for the car and 1,260 for the truck. Double that square footage (the vehicle has two sides) to get the total side value. In this case, 150 sq-ft. for the car and 2,520 for the truck.
Multiply the vehicle's length by its width to get the top-view measurement. If the above car were five feet wide, its top-view measurement would be 75 sq-ft (15 x 5 = 75). If the truck were nine feet wide (most are eight ft, six inches but you'll round up to the nearest foot), its top-view measurement would be 810 sq-ft.
Multiply the vehicle height by width to get the end-on measurement, then double it (the vehicle has a front and back). For the car, this would be 50 sq-ft. (5 x 5 x 2 = 50). The truck's combined end-on measurement would be 252 sq-ft. (9 x 14 x 2 = 252).
Add the combined side, top-view and combined end-on square footage measurements. This comes out to 275 sq-ft. for our hypothetical car (150 + 75 + 50 = 275), and 3,582 sq-ft. for the truck (2,520 + 810 + 252 = 3,582).
Multiply your final square footage number by as many coats as you'll need. This can vary from anything to one coat (for a same-color respray), to three coats (for a change to a darker color) to five coats (for a change to a much lighter color, as from black to white) or even more if you're using kandy paints, metal flakes, color shifts or pearls.
Compare the final estimated square footage to the coverage indicated by your paint manufacturer, including the intended amount of reducer. The amount of reducer required doesn't factor into the actual paint volume purchase, but it's helpful to know when you go shopping.
Calculate the final amount. In our example, let's say you want to take the passenger car (275 sq-ft.) from a darker to a lighter color (three coats), utilizing a paint that's designed to cover 10 sq-ft. per ounce. Here, you would multiply 275 by 3 to get 825 sq-ft of required paint job, and then divide that by 10 to get the required number of ounces. In this case, the required paint works out to 82.5 ounces, or 0.64 gallons.
- Don't forget to include the cost of a clearcoat if using a two stage paint. Two stage paint jobs typically require a minimum of two coats of clear.
Things You'll Need
- Measuring tape or line
Richard Rowe has been writing professionally since 2007, specializing in automotive topics. He has worked as a tractor-trailer driver and mechanic, a rigger at a fire engine factory and as a race-car driver and builder. Rowe studied engineering, philosophy and American literature at Central Florida Community College.