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1985 Ford Van E-150 Specs

by Natasha Parks

The 1985 Ford E-150 "Econoline" are classic, old-style vans often converted into small, functional motorhomes by enthusiasts. The boxy, chunky design is countered by a spacious interior, robust engine and dual fuel tank system. Regular, original-style models can be enhanced with exterior paint, fenders and windows to create a more stylish mode of transport.

Engine

1985 Ford E-150 vans have either a 4.9 liter (L), a 5L or a 5.8L V8 engine with a 1-5-4-2-6-3-7-8 firing order. The distributor rotates counterclockwise. In order of engine size, there are 6 or 8 cylinders and 3- or 4-speed manual or automatic gearboxes, as reported by Fuel Economy.

Fuel System

Ford E-150 vans with dual fuel tanks contain two fuel pumps, one in each of the two tanks. There can be a third pump connected to the frame rail, pushing fuel in through the tank switch. The Ford E-150 has a selector switch on the dashboard to allow instant switching between the two fuel tanks, at the front and rear of the van. When you change the switch position, you should hear a click from the frame transfer switch. This dual fuel system enables the motorhome to run for longer journeys because it can carry and give instant, automatic access to two (or even three) different containers of fuel. The transfer switch is a 6 hose unit. The tank selector relay is white and the fuel pump relay is green. Almost all relays used in the E-150 van are 5 pin, apart from the green fuel pump relay, which is 4 pin.

Economy and Emissions

1985 E-150 vans range between 10 and 16 miles per gallon during city driving and 10 and 20 MPG during highway driving. Their annual fuel cost totals between $2,152 and $3,870. Greenhouse gas emissions each year, per van, are estimated to be in the range of 10.20 to 18.30 tons. The estimated pollution values are based on 45 percent highway driving, 55 percent city driving and 15,000 annual miles, according to Fuel Economy.

Transmission

All 1985 E-150 vans were created with two-wheel drive. Automatic transmission fluid (ATF) or power steering fluid are both suitable for Ford E-150 vans. However, it is cost-effective to use ATF in older models, such as the 1985 Ford Econoline.

About the Author

Natasha Parks has been a professional writer since 2001 with work published online and in book format for "Thomson Reuters," the "World Patents Index" and thomson.com. Her areas of expertise are varied and include physics, biology, genetics and computing, mental health, relationships, family crises and career development. She holds a Bachelor of Science in Biophysics from King's College, London.

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