Worn Out Chevy Timing Chain Symptomsby Joshua Smyth
Timing chains connect an engine's pistons with the intake and exhaust valves. The intervals of opening and closing are very short -- from one-fifth of a second when idling to two hundredths of a second at 5000 rpm -- so small problems can seriously affect engine performance. These problems occur as the timing chain wears down. Several symptoms arise when this happens on a Chevy.
Engine Start Problems
If the timing chain is sufficiently worn to jump off the the gears that connect it to the engine cams, the engine will not be able to start. This can be diagnosed by opening the hood, removing the distributor cap and cranking the engine by hand. If the cams don't move, this indicates that the timing chain has broken or has slipped its gears.
A worn timing chain that is still on its gears may cause the valves to open when the pistons are at the wrong point in their stroke. The result will be the engine running rough as unburnt fuel is pushed through the engine. Rough-running engines will make a grinding or growling noise while idling and stutter instead of speeding up smoothly when you step on the gas pedal.
Since worn timing chains may admit unburned fuel into the engine, there is always a risk of backfire as that fuel is heated and explodes in the exhaust system. This produces a loud "bang" and a puff of smoke and can damage your exhaust system.
Noise from the Casing
Timing chains are protected by a casing inside the engine compartment. A worn timing chain may make noise inside the casing, especially if it is sitting loosely enough on its gears to rattle. To hear this, you will need to open the hood with the engine running and listen closely since it may be inaudible above the general engine noise while you sit in the car.
Joshua Smyth started writing in 2003 and is based in St. John's, Newfoundland. He has written for the award-winning "Cord Weekly" and for "Blueprint Magazine" in Waterloo, Ontario, where he spent a year as editor-in-chief. He holds a Bachelor of Arts in political science and economics from Wilfrid Laurier University.