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Problems With a 4L60E Transmission

by David Reber

The 4L60E is a four-speed, electronically controlled automatic transmission used in light-duty trucks made by General Motors (GM). Though most automatic transmission diagnoses and repairs are beyond the scope of the home mechanic, you can diagnose some common issues without specialized tools or training. Usually, such diagnosis simply means recognizing and isolating the symptoms of a specific malfunction, which can help you decide which repairs are really necessary.

Problems with Reverse Gear

Reverse gear

The 4L60E's reverse gear engages slowly, slips or fails to engage when the reverse clutches become worn out. ther causes of this problem include a broken sunshell or a fluid leak in the reverse hydraulic circuit. Some fluid leak issues may require only minor repairs, while worn clutches or other broken parts require removal and repair or replacement of the transmission.

Upshift Problems

If the transmission fails to upshift, or does so only when you release the throttle, it may indicate a problem not with the transmission itself but with the throttle position sensor (TPS). The TPS, located at the engine throttle shaft, relays information to the transmission to facilitate proper shifting. The TPS is inexpensive and easy to replace.

Lack of Third or Fourth Gear

Clutch

A lack of third or fourth gear operation often points to a worn-out clutch. In this case, you must likely remove the clutch for repair or replacement.

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