How to Fix a Check Engine Light

by Leonardo R. Grabkowski

A check engine light (CEL), also called a malfunction-indicator light (MIL) is a warning sign that something within your engine, fuel or emissions system is not operating correctly. While most check engine lights do not point to dire problems that would cause your vehicle to break down, some do. Check engine lights are usually an indicator of an emission-related problem. Check engine lights can cause your vehicle to perform inefficiently and fail an emissions test.

Tighten your gas cap to prevent a check engine light.

Tighten your gas cap (three clicks) and continue to drive your vehicle. One of the most common reasons for a check engine light is a loose gas cap. A loose gas cap can trigger several emission-related codes to your vehicle's diagnostic system. If the check engine light does not turn off after 15 to 20 minutes of driving, begin diagnosing the problem.

Connect the scanner to the diagnostic port.

Turn your ignition to the "On" or "Acc" position, without cranking the engine. Connect the OBD-II scanner to the diagnostic port in your vehicle. The diagnostic port is usually below the steering column in the area of the hood release.

The scanner will read the diagnostic report.

Follow the specific scanner directions to retrieve the diagnostic codes. This is usually performed by pressing the "Scan" button on the device. Wait a few seconds for the scanner to list the codes. The scanner display will list the number of diagnostic codes. It is common for several codes to display. Write down each of them. Diagnostic codes are usually presented in five digits, such as "P0141."

Use online resources to determine the code meaning.

Use the handbook supplied with your code scanner to determine the meaning of each code. For a more thorough listing, visit the website obd-codes.com. This website will give you a complete listing of OBD-II codes, as well as their possible causes. Some code meanings will be very direct and clear, such as "O2 sensor failure" or "Catalytic Converter." Others will be broad in their possible causes.

Determine whether you can fix the problem on your own. Some simple problems, such as an engine misfire on cylinder 1, will lead to simple problems such as a faulty spark plug or wire. These problems can usually be tackled at home by the mechanically inclined.

Bring the vehicle to a service shop if the problem cannot be solved at home. By diagnosing the problem on your own, you may save yourself a mechanic's diagnostic fee (usually $75 or $100).

Tip

  • check Remember to properly tighten your gas cap after filling up with fuel. OBD-II (On-Board Diagnostics II) is used on vehicles 1996 and newer. Older vehicles require professional diagnosis. If you cannot acquire a code scanner, visit your local auto parts store. National chains such as Autozone will let you use a scanner and write down the codes for free.

Warning

  • close If the cause listed for your check engine light code could be several possibilities, save yourself time by taking it to a mechanic immediately, instead of trying to replace several parts to solve the problem.

Items you will need

About the Author

Leonardo R. Grabkowski has been writing professionally for more than four years. Grabkowski attended college in Oregon. He builds websites on the side and has a slight obsession with Drupal, Joomla and Wordpress.

Photo Credits

  • photo_camera Ifcar: commons.wikimedia.org, candiedwomanire:flickr.com, Nfette:commons.wikimedia.org, klausnahr:flickr.com, bombardier:flickr.com