What Are the Causes of Loud Noise When the Engine Starts?

by Richard Rowe

When it comes to cars, the unexpected is usually bad and changes in state are almost always for the worse. The following are some of the more common sounds made by a worn engine at start up. Some are more serious than others, but any noise should be investigated, particularly if it gets louder or faster with rpm.

Oiling Issues

Generally, an engine will make a consistent tapping sound if some part of it is not receiving oil at start-up.

Oil Dependant Components

Some components that will make noise with low oil pressure are the lifters, valve lash adjusters, rocker arms and variable valve-train adjuster (if so equipped.)

Worn Components

Some components like piston rings will wear over time and must expand with engine heat before they will work properly. Modified engines with forged pistons will do the same, but this is normal.

Valve Sticking

This problem is more common on some engines than others, but is a result of wear on the valve lash adjusters, valves, valve seats, and/or valve springs.

Exhaust Leak

Older engines with an external exhaust bypass can rattle at start-up, as the soldering used on these tubes is fragile and breaks over time.

Whistling

Some newer engines inhale a bit of air on cold start-up to check for evaporation in the engine. This is nothing to worry about, though it does get a bit louder with time.

About the Author

Richard Rowe has been writing professionally since 2007, specializing in automotive topics. He has worked as a tractor-trailer driver and mechanic, a rigger at a fire engine factory and as a race-car driver and builder. Rowe studied engineering, philosophy and American literature at Central Florida Community College.