How to Install Dodge Caravan Thermostatby Dan Ferrell
A bad thermostat on your Dodge Caravan may cause the engine to overheat or prevent it from reaching operating temperature. Either way, costly repairs may result if the thermostat is not replaced on time. You can install a new unit using some common tools you may already have in your toolbox. Follow this guide to change the thermostat, whether you have a 2.4L, 3.3L or 3.8L engine model.
Removing the Thermostat
Place a drain pan under the radiator valve.
Remove the radiator cap and open the radiator drain valve to remove at least half a gallon of coolant.
Close the radiator drain valve.
Disconnect the upper radiator hose at the water-outlet housing, on the engine side. Use a Phillips screwdriver, rib joint pliers or ratchet and socket, depending on the type of clamp used on your particular model.
Remove the two water-outlet housing bolts using a ratchet and socket.
Lift the water-outlet housing off the engine and remove the thermostat and gasket.
Installing the Thermostat
Clean the sealing surfaces on the water-outlet housing and engine using a plastic scraper to avoid damage to the surfaces.
Remove bulged metal on the thermostat engine-mounting surface if you have a 3.3L or 3.8L engine. Dodge stakes the thermostat in place using extra metal to make a perfect fit, which is not necessary after you replace the thermostat. Use a metal scraper to remove the extra metal if necessary.
Douse the new thermostat gasket in clean water if you have a 2.4L engine model.
Set the new thermostat in place. If you have a 2.4L engine, the bleed hole on the thermostat should point upward. If you have a 3.3L or 3.8L engine, align the two notches on the thermostat with the small bumps on the mounting surface on the engine.
Set the water-housing outlet in place along with the new gasket and start the two mounting bolts by hand to avoid damage to the threads. Then tighten the bolts.
Install the radiator hose on the water-housing outlet and tighten the clamp.
Refill the cooling system with 50 percent water and 50 percent anti-freeze and replace the radiator cap.
Things You'll Need
- Phillips screwdriver if necessary
- Rib joint pliers if necessary
- Ratchet and socket
- Plastic scraper
- Metal scraper if necessary
- New thermostat gasket
- New coolant
- Removing the radiator or coolant reservoir cap in a hot engine may blow coolant out and cause severe burns or injuries. Make sure the coolant is at low temperature before removing the radiator or reservoir tank cap. Always store coolant in a closed container and dispose of it properly. The sweet taste of ethylene glycol in antifreeze may attract cats, dogs and even young kids with fatal results.
Since 2003 Dan Ferrell has contributed general and consumer-oriented news to television and the Web. His work has appeared in Texas, New Mexico and Miami and on various websites. Ferrell is a certified automation and control technician from the Advanced Technology Center in El Paso, Texas.