How to Remove a Power Steering Pump on Vehicles

by Contributing Writer

A power steering pump directs power steering fluid throughout the steering components and assists in turning the Vehicles wheels. Over time, the chemical composition of power steering fluid breaks down, thereby reducing its effectiveness. In addition, the seals within the pump itself can corrode, resulting in leaks. The pumps bearings can also wear out, especially if the pump has used dirty power steering fluid. Whether repairing or replacing a power steering pump, the first step in the process is to remove the existing pump. Thankfully, removing a power steering pump from a Vehicles is a relatively straightforward process.

Under The Hood:

 How to Remove a Power Steering Pump on a 1995 Ford Ranger

Position the drain pan under the power steering return line. This is the larger of the two lines. Remove the return line with the appropriate line wrench. Allow the power steering fluid to drip into the drain pan. Remove the pressure hose from the back of the pump with the appropriate line wrench. Unplug the power steering pump pressure switch.

Loosen the idler pulley pivot and adjusting bolts with the appropriate wrenches if you are working on a 2.3-, 2.5- or 3.0-liter engine. On the 2.9-liter engine, loosen the adjusting nut and the slider bolts on the power steering pump support. Push the pump away from the belt. Then lift the belt off the power steering pump pulley. If you are working on a 4.0-liter engine, lift the tensioner pulley clockwise with a socket or ratchet. Then lift the belt off of the power steering pump pulley.

Remove the bracket support brace if your engine is equipped with one. Install the T69L-10300-B tool onto the pulley. Hold the pump and rotate the tool counterclockwise to remove the pulley. Remove the power steering pump retaining bolts. Then remove the pump from the engine.

Items you will need

  • Drain pan

  • Set of line wrenches

  • Set of sockets

  • Puller T69L-10300-B

 How to Remove a Power Steering Pump on a GMC

Locate the pump's brackets. The brackets are used to attach the pump to the engine. GMCs generally use two brackets to hold the pump in place, a lower bracket and an upper bracket. The pump is attached to the brackets with a number of bolts. Loosen these bolts with a wrench to allow the pump to slide toward the engine.

Remove the pump's rubber belt by lifting the belt up and over the pulley on the front of the pump.

Place a container under the pump. The container is necessary to catch the fluid within the pump when the pump's hoses are removed.

Remove the hoses from the back of the pump. One hose is used to send fluid to the steering components, while the other hose allows the fluid to return the pump. Remove the lower hose first. The hose is usually attached to the back of the pump with a hose clamp, which can be removed by first turning the screw on the clamp in a counterclockwise direction with a flathead screwdriver, then by pulling the hose away from the pump. The remaining hose has a large nut on the end of it that screws onto the back of the pump. Use a wrench to turn this nut in a counterclockwise direction, then pull the hose away from the pump.

Allow the power steering fluid to drain from the back of the pump into the container.

Remove the bolts that hold the pump to the pump's mounting brackets. These are the bolts that were loosened in Step 1. Once the bolts have been removed, lift the pump away from the engine to complete the removal process.

Items you will need

  • Wrench

  • Container

  • Flathead screwdriver

 How to Remove the Power Steering Pump on a 3.8-Liter V-6

Turn off the engine. Set the parking brake on the vehicle and put a wood block behind one of the rear tires. Place a drain pan underneath the power steering pump of the 3.8-liter V-6 engine on the ground. The power steering pump is near the front on the passenger side of the engine.

Turn the tensioner pulley bolt on the tensioner pulley with a socket wrench counterclockwise until the power steering belt is loose enough to remove from the power steering pulley. The tensioner pulley is between the power steering pump and the crankshaft on the front of the engine.

Loosen the lug nuts on the front passenger tire with a tire tool one complete turn. Lift the vehicle up on the front passenger side with a floor jack and slide a jack stand under the axle near the tire.

Lower the vehicle so it is resting on the jack stand and move the floor jack out of the way. Remove the lug nuts with the tire tool and take the wheel off the wheel hub.

Unfasten the clamp around the power steering pump pressure hose on the bottom of the pump with a pair of pliers. Slide the hose off the pump and let the fluid run into the drain pan.

Disconnect the power steering pump return hose from the top of the pump with a crescent wrench. Allow any fluid to drain into the pan below.

Unfasten the three mounting bolts that secure the power steering pump to the motor with a socket wrench. Remove the power steering pump from the 3.8-liter V-6 engine compartment.

Items you will need

  • Wood block

  • Drain pan

  • Socket wrench set

  • Tire tool

  • Floor jack

  • Jack stand

  • Pliers

  • Crescent wrench

 How to Remove the Power Steering Pump From a Chevy Lumina

Disconnect the negative battery cable before you begin.

Remove the serpentine drive belt.

Place a container or drip pan of some sort under the power steering pump to collect any fluid that may leak out while in the process of removing the pump. After this is in place, disconnect the pressure pipe from the power steering pump.

Loosen the hose clamp and disconnect the return hose from the reservoir.

Remove the bolts that keep the unit mounted onto the car. It's a tight squeeze, but you can access them through holes in the pulley. The last bolt is in the back of the power steering pump. Once this has been taken out, remove the power steering pump.

Items you will need

  • Ratchet Wrench Drip pan

 How to Remove the Power Steering Pump on a 2005 Monte Carlo

Pop the Monte Carlo's hood. Disconnect the coolant recovery reservoir from the vehicle using the 3/8-inch ratchet and socket, and set it to the side. Locate the tensioner on the serpentine belt of the engine. Attach a socket to the 3/8-inch breaker bar and turn the tensioner to allow the belt to go slack. Pull the belt off the power steering pump pulley with your hands.

Put a drain pan on the ground underneath the power steering pump. Disconnect the hoses running to the back of the pump using a line wrench, then point the lines toward the pan to allow the hoses to empty into the pan.

Disconnect the ignition control wiring harness, which is located next to the power steering pump. Unbolt the power steering pump from the engine block using the 3/8-inch ratchet and socket. Lift the pump away from the engine bay.

Items you will need

  • 3/8-inch ratchet and socket set

  • 3/8-inch breaker bar

  • Line wrench set

  • Drain pan

 How to Remove the Power Steering Pump From a 2001 Dodge Durango

Turn the vehicle off and let the engine bay cool down for at least 30 minutes. Engine components, including belts, can be extremely hot immediately after operation.

Remove the power steering belt from the pump. Lift the belt over the pulley and let it hang from the other accessories. Some Durango engines have a separate belt for accessories, others have one belt that operates everything.

Place the drain pan underneath the power steering pump to catch fluid drippings. Use the pliers to remove the two hoses attached to the pump by taking off the clamps. Let the fluid drain into the pan for 10 to 15 minutes, until the dripping stops. Cover the openings of each hose to prevent contaminants from entering.

Use the socket wrench to remove the three mounting bolts that attach the power steering pump. Slide the pump out of its mount.

Items you will need

  • Drain Pan

  • Pliers

  • Socket Wrench