How to Change Brake Pads on an Cars

by Contributing Writer; Updated June 12, 2017

Concerns about changing the pads on an ABS-equipped vehicle include damage to the modulator valve assembly due to debris in the system, air trapped in the system due to improper bleeding and air being inadvertently introduced into the system when the pump motor pressurizes the accumulator after pad replacement. These problems can be avoided by following proper procedures. The service manual specific to the vehicle should always be consulted before beginning work to identify bleeding sequences and procedures.

Under The Hood:

 How to Replace Brake Pads in a Buick Rendezvous

Loosen, but do not remove, the lug nuts on your wheel. Place the jack under the frame of your vehicle's front or rear end depending on which end you are working on. Jack up the Buick enough so your tires are off the ground. Slide the jack stands under each side behind the wheel to support the car if your jack happens to fail.

Remove the lug nuts and pull the tire off. Locate the caliper, brake pad, and rotor. Remove the calipers from the brake pad using the wrench. Set them down gently since they are still connected to the brake lines to avoid damage.

Put on the mask and gloves to avoid exposure to the brake pad dust. Gently remove the brake pads. Apply the C-clamp to the brake piston. This will reset the brakes. Put the new brake pads on and reconnect the caliper to the new pads. Remove the C-clamp.

Slide the wheel back on the axle. Replace the lug nuts. Fully tighten the lug nuts with the lug nut wrench after you have replaced the opposite side's brake pads and lowered the car.

Items you will need

  • Jack

  • Jack stands

  • Lug nut wrench

  • C-clamp

  • Gloves

  • Mask

  • Wrench

 How to Replace Brake Pads on a GMC Sierra

Removal

Raise the front (or rear) of the vehicle with a jack. Support the vehicle securely with a pair of jack stands.

Remove the lug nuts from the wheel with a lug-nut wrench. Pull the wheel off the hub.

Open the hood. Remove the master cylinder reservoir cover by hand. Ensure that the fluid level is no higher than the maximum full level marked on the reservoir. Remove excess fluid before proceeding if necessary.

Install two C-clamps on the caliper so that they bear on the back of the caliper and the outer brake pad. Tighten the C-clamps until the caliper pistons are compressed fully into the caliper body. Loosen the C-clamps and remove them from the caliper.

Remove the lower caliper bolt with a wrench. Rotate the caliper on the upper caliper bolt until the caliper is clear of the rotor.

Remove the old pads from the caliper by hand. Remove and discard the old anti-rattle clips from the caliper bracket.

Installation

Place new anti-rattle clips in position on the caliper bracket. Install the new brake pads onto the caliper mounting bracket. Place the pad with the squeal tab to the inside of the caliper.

Rotate the caliper down and into position over the pads and the caliper bracket. Install the lower caliper bolt and torque it to 74 foot-pounds with a 3/8-inch torque wrench and socket.

Install the tire onto the hub. Install the lug nuts and torque them to 140 foot-pounds with a 1/2-inch torque wrench and socket using a cross-pattern.

Raise the vehicle with a jack. Remove the jack stands and lower the vehicle to the ground.

Slowly apply brake pressure with the brake pedal until it is 2/3 of the way to the floor. Slowly release the brake pedal and wait 15 seconds. Repeat this process until the brake pedal is firm. Check and top off the fluid level in the reservoir and install the cap by hand.

Items you will need

  • Jack

  • Jack stands

  • Lug-nut wrench

  • C-clamps (2)

  • Wrench set

  • New brake pads

  • New anti-rattle clips

  • 3/8-inch torque wrench

  • 1/2-inch torque wrench

  • Socket set

 How to Replace the Brake Pads on a Mitsubishi Lancer

Replacing the Brake Pads on a Mitsubishi Lancer

Raise the car near the wheel, and place it onto the jack stands with the floor jack. The jack stands should be positioned on the frame, not the suspension parts.

Remove the wheel at the brake that is to be repaired by turning the lug nuts counterclockwise. Place the wheel away from the car.

Turn the twin rear mount bolts on the caliper in a counterclockwise direction, then slide the caliper off the rotor.

Replace the two pads on the caliper by pulling them free of the caliper pistons, then positioning two new pads in their place. The new pads will rest in place but will not be secured to the pistons.

Slide the caliper back onto the rotor, then turn the rear mount bolts clockwise until they are snug.

Replace the wheel by turning the lug nuts in a clockwise direction, in an alternating pattern.

Repeat steps 1 through 6 on the remaining brake pads.

Lower the Lancer from the jack stands.

Items you will need

  • Jack stands

  • Floor jack

  • Lug wrench

  • Socket set

  • Screwdrivers

 How to Change the Brake Pads on a Cadillac Escalade

Loosen the front lug nuts. Turn the wrench 1/8 to 1/4 turn. Do not give the wrench more than a 1/4 turn.

Slide the floor jack under the front jack point of the Escalade and jack up on it. Place jack stands under the front pinch welds and lower the escalade onto the jack stands.

Remove the lug nuts and wheel.

Remove the caliper mounting bolts (both top and bottom) and slide the caliper off the rotor. Since it is still attached by the rubber brake line, you need to secure the caliper to the coil springs with zip-ties to prevent damage to the line.

Remove the brake pads from the caliper.

Put the face of the old pad over the caliper piston. Then, clamp down on the pad and caliper assembly with the c-clamp. Make sure that the boot does not twist or rip. It should fold "accordion style" into the caliper.

Insert the new pads into the Escalade's caliper.

Reassemble the brake caliper. Installation is the reverse of removal.

Put the wheel back on, lower the Escalade to the ground and torque the lug nuts to 100-foot-pounds.

Items you will need

  • Tire Wrench

  • Jack with Two Jack Stands

  • Socket Wrench with Socket Set

  • C-Clamp

  • Zip-Ties

  • Screwdriver

  • New Brake Pads

  • Shop Rags

  • Brake Parts Cleaner

  • Thread Locker

 How to Replace the Brake Pads on a Mercury Mountaineer

Park the Mountaineer on a flat stretch of road. Pull the hood release lever under the dashboard on the driver's side of the vehicle. Move to the engine compartment.

Lift the cap from the master cylinder and remove one-third of the brake fluid from the reservoir. The master cylinder is located to the right of the Mercury's engine, near the firewall that separates the engine bay from the inside of the vehicle. Use a syringe or turkey baster to remove the fluid from the container. Lay the master cylinder cap loosely over the container.

Loosen the lug nuts on all four wheels (or the two wheels on which you need to replace the brake pads). Use a lug wrench or 21 mm socket and breaker bar to "crack" the lugs by turning them one-half a turn.

Place the lifting jack beneath the frame at the front of the Mountaineer and lift the SUV. Place jack stands under the axle and lower the vehicle onto the stands for support.

Remove the lug nuts and take the wheels off.

Turn the front wheels to gain better access to the caliper's back side. Use a 13 mm wrench to remove the two caliper slide bolts.

Lift the caliper from the rotor and suspend it above the brake assembly with a bungee cord or a make-shift sling using a wire coat hanger.

Take the worn brake pads from the sides of the rotor. The pads fit into the slots in the caliper bracket.

Replace the worn pads with new brake pads.

Place a worn brake pad over the two caliper pistons inside the caliper. Clamp the pad against the pistons by placing a C-clamp over the old pad and the back of the caliper. Squeeze the pistons into the side of the caliper to make room for the new brake pads.

Remove the C-clamp and old brake pad. Place the caliper over the new brake pads in the caliper bracket slots and screw in the caliper bolts by hand.

Tighten the caliper bolts with the 13 mm socket and ratchet.

Turn the front wheels back to the neutral position (facing forward) and replace the wheels onto the wheel bolts. Screw on the lug nuts by hand.

Lift the front of the Mountaineer and remove the jack stands. Lower the front tires to the ground and tighten the lugs with the lug wrench.

Place the jack beneath the frame in the back of the Mercury and lift the rear-end of the SUV. Place jack stands beneath the rear axles and replace the rear brake pads as you did the front.

Replace the rear wheels onto the wheel bolts, screw on the lug nuts, lift the vehicle to remove the jack stands, and lower the back tires of the Mountaineer to the ground. Tighten the lug nuts with the lug wrench or socket and breaker bar. Return to the engine compartment.

Lift the master cylinder cap from the reservoir opening and place a clean funnel inside. Pour brake fluid into the container until the fluid level reaches the full line. Remove the funnel and replace the master cylinder cap. Close the Mercury's hood.

Items you will need

  • Syringe or turkey baster

  • Lug wrench

  • Jack

  • Jack stands

  • 13 mm socket

  • Ratchet

  • Bungee cord (or wire hanger)

  • Brake pads

  • C-clamp

  • Funnel

  • Brake fluid

 How to Change Brake Pads on an ABS Car

Safely raise the vehicle, with a floor jack, and place a jack stand under the frame. Lower the vehicle onto the jack stand so that the floor jack is not supporting the weight of the vehicle. Remove the wheel and store the lug nuts, along with the wheel, in a secure place to prevent loss of lug nuts and tripping hazards.

Remove the caliper bolts from the caliper, and lift the caliper off the mounting bracket. Remove the pads from the bracket, and save any clips or shims that are on the old pad set for use on the new pad set. These clips and shims are critical for quiet brake operation; do not discard them unless replacements are available.

Open the bleeder screw, and compress the caliper piston back into the piston bore in the caliper housing. Allow any fluid that is displaced to run into the drain pan, and close the bleeder screw when the piston is fully compressed. Doing this will prevent any debris trapped in the caliper bore from being sent through the ABS system's modulator valve assembly.

Install the clips and shims from the old pads onto the new set, and install the new pads onto the bracket. Install the caliper over the pads, and bolt it securely to the caliper bracket.

Top off the master cylinder with new fluid, and turn the key to the run position without starting the vehicle. This will allow vehicles that are equipped with pump motors to pressurize the system without draining the master cylinder completely. Pump the brake pedal several times to expand the caliper pistons in their bore.

Reinstall the wheel and lower the vehicle to the ground. Start the engine and test drive to verify the repair. If the system needs to be bled, consult the service manual for the proper sequence and any special procedures.

Items you will need

  • Floor jack

  • Jack stands

  • Brake fluid

  • Brake pads

  • Metric wrench set

  • Service manual

 How to Replace the Brake Pads on a Harley-Davidson Road King

Locate the brake caliper, which is mounted on the front disc brake rotor. Loosen, but do not remove, the two small brake pad holding pins with a 12-point ¼-inch box end wrench in a counterclockwise direction.

Remove the two bolts that attach the caliper to the front fork with a 10mm wrench turned in a counterclockwise direction. Set the bolts aside. Slide the caliper down the rotor to clear the front fender. Use caution as the flexible brake line will still be connected to the caliper.

Insert a flat-blade screwdriver in between the two brake pads in the caliper and pry the pads apart, which pushes the piston back into the brake caliper, making room for the new thicker brake pads.

Remove the brake pad holding pins that were loosened in step 1. Slide the brake pads up out of the brake caliper and discard them.

Apply a thin coat of brake pad lubricant to the backside of the new brake pads to keep them from squeaking in the future. Slide the pads into the brake caliper with the curved end towards the rear of the motorcycle. Run the brake pad holding pins into the mounting holes in the caliper, but do not tighten them.

Slide the brake caliper back onto the rotor and tighten the two holding bolts with a 10mm wrench in a clockwise direction. Tighten the brake pad pins with a ¼-inch wrench.

Items you will need

  • ¼-inch 12-point box end wrench

  • 10mm wrench

  • Flat-blade screwdriver

  • Replacement brake pads

  • Brake pad lubricant

 How to Replace the Brake Pads in a Cadillac STS

Park the Cadillac STS with ample room to work on either sides of the car. Place the STS in "Park" and apply the parking brake. Place tire blocks behind the rear tires.

Remove the lug nuts on the wheels of the STS, using the socket side of the tire iron.

Lift the Cadillac with a lifting jack. Place jack stands beneath the frame of the vehicle to provide a stable platform on which to operate.

Remove the wheels.

Remove the brake calipers. The calipers fit around the rotors and contain the brake pads. Remove the caliper bolts with a 13 mm socket and ratchet. There are two caliper bolts on the side of the caliper closest to the Cadillac's frame.

Remove the brake pads from the caliper. The pads are fixed to the caliper by metal clips. Slide the pads from the caliper by hand. If the brakes are rusted, spray the brake pad clips with chain lubricant or WD-40 before removing.

Open the caliper piston by forcing the piston flush with the caliper wall, using vise-grip pliers.

Install the new brake pads by sliding the metal clips onto the caliper. The metal clips will settle into a groove on the caliper when the pads are in the correct position.

Replace the wheels and the lug nuts. Lift the Cadillac off the jack stands, then return the vehicle to the ground using the lifting jack. Tighten the lug nuts while the vehicle is on the ground, in a staggered order.

Apply the brake. The brake pedal will offer little resistance at first. Press the brake repeatedly until the response is normalized by the building of brake fluid.

Items you will need

  • Tire blocks

  • Tire iron

  • Lifting jack

  • 13 mm socket

  • Ratchet

  • Vise-grip pliers

  • Jack stands

 How to Replace the Brake Pads on a Chrysler Sebring

Jack the Sebring up with the lifting jack from the tire maintenance kit in the trunk of the vehicle. Place jack stands beneath the frame to support the vehicle during the pad replacement.

Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench. Use a 17mm socket and power drill to make quick work of the lug removal.

Take the wheels from the wheel bolts and set them aside with the rims facing upward.

Remove the caliper by unscrewing the caliper bolts with the 5/8-inch wrench or socket and ratchet. The two bolts are located on the backside of the caliper.

Slide the brake pads from the caliper bridge. The bridge straddles the rotor and holds the brake pads in place. Use a flat screwdriver to pry the pads from the caliper bridge on either side of the Sebring's rotor.

Place the new pads onto the caliper bridge.

Squeeze the caliper piston into the side of the caliper with the Vise-Grip pliers. Return the caliper to the caliper bridge and replace the caliper slide bolts.

Replace the wheels and screw on the lug nuts.

Lower the Chrysler and tighten the lug nuts with the lug wrench or socket and drill.

Press the brake pedal repeatedly to return the caliper piston to its proper position against the new brake pads. Pull the hood release lever under the dashboard on the driver's side of the Sebring. Move to the engine compartment.

Remove the cap from the master cylinder and fill the container with DOT-3 brake fluid as needed. The master cylinder is located near the right rear corner of the engine.

Items you will need

  • Jack

  • Jack stands

  • Lug wrench

  • 17mm socket (optional)

  • Drill (optional)

  • 5/8-inch wrench

  • Brake pads

  • Brake fluid

 How to Change Brake Pads on a Harley Heritage Softail

Remove the bolts from the calipers using the allen wrench. On a Heritage Softail with fixed calipers, rotate the caliper retaining pins until the ends of the retaining clips are exposed, and then remove the clips with pliers.

Pull the brake calipers off of the rotors and inspect the calipers for cracks or other damages. Remove the brake pad from the caliper and squeeze the brake handle or foot pedal to force the piston out of the caliper. Clean the caliper pistons to remove any debris. Use the screwdriver to push the caliper piston all the way back into the caliper.

Insert the new brake pads into the caliper. Replace the caliper to the rotor. Replace the bolts that secure the caliper to the rotor using the allen wrench.

Items you will need

  • Allen wrench

  • Screwdriver

  • New brake pads

 How to Replace the Brake Pads on a Montero

Park the Montero on a level surface and turn off its ignition.Open and secure the the engine compartment's hood. Locate the master cylinder and drain one-half of the brake fluid from the master cylinder using the turkey baster. Place the fluid in the drain pan for proper recycling. Place the wheel chocks behind the rear wheels.

Loosen the lug nuts on the wheel you will be working on with the lug wrench. Raise the Montero up with the automobile jack. Place a jack stand under the Montero and raise it to the frame. Remove the wheel and lug nuts, using the lug wrench.

Loosen the retaining bolts on the brake caliper with a socket and ratchet. Pull the caliper away from the wheel assembly. Pull off the old brake pads from the caliper by pulling off the clips. Push the caliper piston back into the caliper housing.

Insert the new brake pads into the caliper. Place the brake caliper on the mounting bracket and tighten the bolts with the socket and ratchet. Replace the wheel on the Montero and tighten the lug nuts with the lug wrench.

Place the car jack under the vehicle and raise it to its body. Remove the jack stand from under the Montero. Lower the vehicle to the ground with the lug wrench. Repeat the process on the other wheel.

Items you will need

  • Automobile jack

  • Wheel chocks

  • Jack stand

  • Socket set

  • Lug wrench

  • Drain pan

  • Turkey baster

 How to Change the Brake Pads in a Mazda 6

Removing Brake Pads

Loosen the lug nuts on the wheel with a lug wrench. Lift the vehicle with a floor jack, and support the vehicle with jack stands.

Finish removing the lug nuts, and slide the wheel off of the axle. Set the lug nuts aside for safe keeping.

Use a ratchet and socket to remove the two mounting bolts from the caliper. Slide the caliper off of the rotor, and suspend it with mechanic wire.

Remove the brake pads from the caliper. Detach the retaining clips from the old brake pads, and set them aside. Place one of the old brake pads over the caliper piston, and use a C-clamp to push it flush against the caliper.

Installing Brake Pads

Attach the retaining clips onto the new brake pads. Place the pads inside of the caliper.

Place the caliper assembly over the rotor. Reinsert, and tighten, the two mounting bolts with a ratchet and socket.

Slide the wheel onto the axle, and reattach the lug nuts by hand. Remove the jack stands, and lower the vehicle to the ground. Tighten the lug nuts with a lug wrench.

Items you will need

  • Brake pads

  • Ratchet and socket set

  • Lug wrench

  • C-clamp

  • Floor jack

  • Jack stands

 How to Change the Brake Pads in a Buick LeSabre

Remove ½ of the brake fluid from the master cylinder with the syringe and replace the cover. Discard the fluid.

Remove the front hubcaps and loosen the wheel nuts using the lug wrench, but do not remove the nuts.

Lift the front end of the LeSabre with the floor jack and secure safely onto the jack stands.

Remove the wheel nuts and wheels. Screw one wheel nut back onto a wheel stud hand tight to retain the rotor away from the caliper assembly.

Place a large C-clamp over the left inboard caliper housing and the outboard pad, and tighten to compress the caliper piston.

Remove the two caliper guide bolts using a box end wrench. Remove the caliper and secure it to the vehicle chassis with mechanic's wire or a metal hook.

Remove the outboard pad from the caliper on the LeSabre first. Pry it off the outboard caliper housing using the screwdriver.

Remove the inboard pad by lifting the retaining clips out of the caliper bore.

Clean the surface of the caliper bridge that contacts the backing plate of the pads using a wire brush, and apply a thin coat of brake lubricant to the contact points. Be careful not to let the lubricant get onto the rotor.

Install the new inboard brake pad and shim into the caliper piston bore by pressing the retaining clips into the bore until it locks into place.

Install the outboard pad onto the caliper housing, making sure to align the retaining clips into the holes in the caliper. Use the screwdriver to convince the clips onto the caliper if necessary.

Replace the caliper over the rotor.

Clean off the surface of the guide bolts and apply a light coat of lubricant to the smooth surface of them. Align them properly through the rubber boots and bolt the caliper to the knuckle. Tighten the guide bolts using the wrench. Remove the wheel nut from the wheel stud securing the rotor.

Replace the wheel and wheel nuts. Tighten the wheel nuts snugly, and re-tighten them (with a torque wrench is recommended set at 100 foot pounds) once the LeSabre is back on the ground.

Repeat steps 5 through 14 for the right side.

Pump the brake pedal when you're through to seat the new pads against the rotors, then check and add new brake fluid to the master cylinder.

Items you will need

  • Lug wrench

  • Floor jack and jack stands (2)

  • Syringe

  • Screwdriver

  • Brake fluid DOT 3

  • Wire brush

  • Brake lubricant

  • Box end/open end hand wrench set

  • Large C-clamp

  • Mechanic's wire or metal hook

  • Quality brake pad and shim replacement set

 How to Change Brake Pads on a Volvo XC70

Park the Volvo on a relatively flat surface and turn the engine off. Pull the hood release and apply the parking brake. Move to the front of the vehicle.

Lift the hood. Locate and remove the cap from the master cylinder. The master cylinder holds the XC70's supply of brake fluid, and is located to the right of the Volvo's engine. Remove half of the fluid from the reservoir with a poultry baster and lay the cap over the container's opening.

Loosen the lug nuts on each wheel corresponding to the brake pads you will be changing, using a tire iron or lug wrench. Target replacement on both wheels on the axis: If the brake pads on one side of the vehicle require replacement, be sure to replace the pads on the opposite side to maintain balance.

Lift the Volvo with the jack and rest the axles of the vehicle on two jack stands. Move the jack out of the way.

Remove the lug nuts and take the wheels/tires off.

Remove the retaining clip from the outside of the caliper with a pair of pliers or a flat-head screwdriver. The caliper brackets the rotor on the side of the disc closest to the rear of the Volvo. Use chain lubricant on the spring-loaded retaining clip, if it will not easily pull from the caliper. You will need to re-insert the clip, so be careful not to bend it during removal.

Remove the rubber caps over the two caliper pins on each caliper, by hand. Keep track of the caps, as you will need to replace them once the pads have been changed.

Remove the two caliper pins with a 7-mm Hex socket and ratchet. Inspect the pins for rust and dried brake grease. Clean each pin with brake parts cleaner and a towel (or wire brush for more stubborn substances) and apply a thin layer of brake grease to the threads.

Lift the caliper from the XC70's caliper bracket. Suspend the caliper from the steering arm above the brake assembly, using a wire coat hanger or bungee cord, or lay it on top of the brake rotor. Do not let the caliper hang from the connected brake line.

Slide the worn brake pads from the caliper bracket. Check the caliper bracket, specifically the "brake pad mating surfaces," where the pads sit inside the bracket. Remove any rust or other obstructions with brake cleaner and a wire brush.

Slide the new brake pads into the slots of the bracket.

Retrieve the caliper from above the brake assembly and place a C-clamp over the piston and the back side of the caliper. The piston is the cylinder that protrudes from the inside of the caliper--it is responsible for forcing the brake pads against the rotor during braking. The pistons are shrouded within a dust cover made of rubber. Be careful when clamping the pistons, so as to not tear the covering.

Squeeze the piston into the side of the caliper with the C-clamp to make room for the new brake pads. Remove the clamp when the rim of the piston is flush against the inside of the caliper.

Replace the caliper over the newly installed brake pads and screw in the caliper's pins. Tighten the pins with the 7-mm socket and ratchet.

Insert the retaining clip into the slots on the outside plane of the caliper.

Repeat steps 6 through 15 for each additional set of brake pads that require replacement.

Return the Volvo's wheels to the wheel bolts and screw on the lug nuts by hand.

Lift the vehicle with the jack and remove the two jack stands. Lower the tires to the ground. Tighten the lug nuts in staggered order (skipping at least one lug nut as you tighten them), using the tire iron or lug wrench. Return to the engine compartment.

Remove the master cylinder cap once again and check the level of brake fluid. Place a funnel inside the reservoir and fill the container with brake fluid, as necessary. Return to the driver's seat.

Start the engine and press the brake pedal slowly, until it is completely depressed to the floor. Relieve pressure slowly and repeat the depressions until the pedal response becomes normal. This will inject brake fluid into the caliper and reset the caliper pistons. Return to the engine compartment.

Check the level of brake fluid in the master cylinder. Add fluid, as necessary. Remove the funnel and replace the master cylinder cap. Close the Volvo's hood.

Items you will need

  • Poultry baster

  • Lug wrench or tire iron

  • Jack

  • Jack stands

  • Pliers

  • 7-mm Hex socket

  • Ratchet

  • Brake grease

  • Brake pads

  • Wire brush

  • Brake cleaner

  • Funnel

  • Brake fluid

 How to Change the Brake Pads on a Hyundai Santa Fe

Park the vehicle on a hard, level surface. Shift automatic transmissions into park, or manual transmissions into first or reverse gear. Set the parking brake if servicing a front brake. If servicing a rear brake, do not set the parking brake but block the front wheels to prevent the vehicle from rolling. Slightly loosen the lug nuts then raise the vehicle with a jack and support it on jack stands. Completely remove the lug nuts and pull the wheel off.

Unfasten the two caliper guide rod bolts and pull them out. Grip the caliper frame and roll it back and forth to spread the brake pads until they clear the disc. Remove the caliper from the disc and hang it out of the way on a wire hook or bungee cord. Be careful not to damage the flexible brake line.

Slide the brake pads and shims out of the caliper.

Retract the caliper piston with a brake piston retractor. There are two pistons on the front brake calipers and a single piston on the rear calipers. Place the retractor's spindle swivel on the face of the piston and the retractor's metal plate on the inner surface of the outer caliper frame opposite the piston. Advance the spindle to push the piston back into the cylinder bore. For front brakes, repeat this for the second piston. Be careful not to pinch the piston seals.

Inspect the brake pads. Measure the brake pad lining thickness with a brake disc micrometer. If there is less than .0787 of an inch or if the lining is damaged or unevenly worn, the pads must be replaced.

Measure the thickness of the brake disc at several places around the disc with the micrometer. The shop manual states that the minimum disc thicknesses are .96 of an inch for front discs and .33 of an inch for rear discs on 2006 and earlier models, and 1.04 inches for front discs and .37 of an inch for rear discs on 2007 and later models. Replace the disc if the thickness is below the specified minimum, or if it is deeply scored, warped or cracked. Have the disc machined at an auto parts store or brake shop to repair minor damage.

Reassemble the brake by following the above steps in reverse order. Coat the guide rod bolts with brake grease before reinstalling them into the caliper. Start the vehicle and test the brake operation. Remount the wheel with the lug nuts and lower the vehicle with the jack.

Items you will need

  • Lug nut wrench

  • Car jack

  • Jack stands

  • Wrenches

  • Bungee cord

  • Mallet

  • Screwdrivers

  • Brake piston retractor

  • Brake grease

  • Brake disc micrometer