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What Causes Sludge in Radiators?

by Shawn Lehrke

Sludge. It's that thick, brown-colored substance you see when you open the cap on your car's radiator. You tend to notice it more after the engine has overheated. Unfortunately, the engine probably overheated because of sludge build-up. Since one of the leading causes of roadside breakdown is cooling system failure, pay particular attention to the condition of your radiator.

Corrosion

Corrosion is the most common cause of sludge build-up in a radiator. Radiators are made of metal. Over time, antifreeze degrades. As it loses its protective qualities, PH levels change and corrosion sets in. Once this begins, rust, sludge and scale build up through the entire cooling system, including the engine. The sludge can block the flow of coolant, causing the engine to overheat and leak. If left untreated, overheating and leaking can lead to very expensive repairs.

Intake Manifold Gasket

When the intake manifold gasket leaks, oil can run into the cooling system causing sludge in the coolant. In this case, the cooling system is not to blame, but if it isn't flushed properly when the intake manifold gasket is repaired, the oily sludge left behind can cause costly damage to the cooling system.

Dex-Cool

Some General Motors vehicles require a coolant called Dex-Cool. This coolant is meant to last longer than regular antifreeze, only needing to be changed every five years instead of two. Unfortunately, this new technology is believed to be the cause of headaches for some owners of these cars. According to complaints received by Consumer Affairs, Dex-Cool reacts with the plastic sealing surfaces, causing the intake manifold to leak. The residue left behind by the breakdown is very sticky and thick like mud. Only a chemical flush will remove the sludge.

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